History in Vienna 1900 [Details]


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Karl Lueger (1844-1910)

Robert Musil (1880-1942)

Stefan Zweig (1881-1942)

In 1900 Vienna was the capital of a Habsburg empire that had become a political dinosaur in the world of industrial modernism. Its emperor, Franz Joseph, had come to power over fifty years earlier, following the revolutions of 1848, and he would rule for another sixteen years. In the two hundred years between 1700 and 1910, the population of Vienna grew by a factor of twenty, from a mere 123,000 to well over 2 million. Vienna was a vastly heterogeneous, multi-ethnic metropolis, made up of ethnic Germans, Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, Croats, Poles, Russians, Romanians, Italians, to name just the principal groups. It was a city wrought by political tensions. From 1897 to 1910 the city was governed by the highly popular (and populist) German nationalist, anti-Semitic mayor Karl Lueger.