Music in Vienna 1900 [Details]


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Alban Berg (1885-1935)

Johannes Brahms (1833-97)

Anton Bruckner (1824-96)

Gustav Mahler (1860-1911)

Arnold Schönberg (1874-1951)

Johann Strauss II (1825-99)

Anton Webern (1883-1945)

Hugo Wolf (1860-1903)

In the first decades of the twentieth century Vienna was one of the most important centers of European music. With its long-standing tradition as a magnet that drew the likes of Mozart and Beethoven, Vienna was a hub of Classical music. But beginning in the 19th century with the invention of the waltz, Vienna was also a locale in which popular music first began to thrive. Vienna 1900 also gave birth to the radical compositional form of twelve-tone music, developed above all by Arnold Schönberg and his principal pupil Alban Berg. Mathematical logic, not emotional invocation, rules the musical structure of the twelve-tone composition, with the musical theme reduced to a mathematical permutation of the twelve notes that compose the chromatic scale.