Principal Investigator: Adrian KC Lee, ScD

What’s on your mind?

This is what we want to know while you are communicating and interacting with the world. We combine magneto- and electro-encephalography (M-EEG) along with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to map the spatio-temporal dynamics of the cortical network involved in

  1. Attention: object selection and scene analysis (e.g., listening to your friend in a crowded restaurant);
  2. Executive control: decision making and error monitoring (e.g., real-time control of a wheel-chair through a Brain-Computer Interface).

Searching for neural biomarkers

We seek to discover distinct brain signatures that can be used to classify different brain states (coined as “neural biomarkers”). Our goal is to combine this neuroscience knowledge with state-of-the-art engineering approaches to design next-generation Brain-Computer-Interface devices that enable users to dynamically tune their prosthetic devices using only their minds. Imagine!

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If you're interested in participating as a subject:

Please see our audio subjects informational flyer.

If you do not have known hearing loss, but have difficulty understanding speech in background noise or in reverberant rooms, or difficulty determining the location of a sound - please see our listening difficulty subjects informational flyer.


03/2019: Lee AKC, MT Wallace, A Coffin, AN Popper, RR Fay (2019). Multisensory Processes: The Auditory Perspective, Springer Handbook of Auditory Research, Springer-Verlag, New York. Book Website
01/2019: McCloy D, AKC Lee (2019). "EEG-derived phoneme confusion matrices show the fit between phonological feature systems and brain responses to speech," Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 34(5): 662-676.
12/2018: McLaughlin S, E Larson, AKC Lee (2019). "Neural Switch Asymmetry in Feature-Based Auditory Attention Tasks," Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology, 20(2): 205-215.
12/2018: McLaughlin S, J Thorne, T Jirikowic, AKC Lee, S Astley Hemingway (2019). "Listening difficulties in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: More than a problem of audibility," Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 62:1532-1548.
10/2018: McCloy D, E Larson, KAI Pratt, AKC Lee (in press). "Auditory attention switching with listening difficulty: Behavioral and pupillometric measures," Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 144(5): 2764-2771.
09/2018: Lee AKC, E Larson, CW Miller (2018). "Effects of hearing loss on maintaining and switching attention," Acta Acustica united with Acustica, 104: 787-791.
03/2018: Wronkiewicz, M, E Larson, AKC Lee (2018). “Facilitating the Integration of Modern Neuroscience into Noninvasive BCIs,” in Nam et al (Eds) Brain-Computer Interfaces Handbook , Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, Florida.
02/2018: Maddox RK, AKC Lee (2018). “Auditory brainstem responses to continuous natural speech in human listeners,” eNeuro : ENEURO.0441-17.2018. PMC5806592. doi:10.1523/ENEURO.0441-17.2018
02/2018: Mirbagheri, M, L Atlas, AKC Lee (2018). “Regression Factor Analysis with an Application to Continuous HRIR Measurement,” IEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, 26(2): 415-421.
01/2018: Atilgan H, SM Town, KC Wood, GP Jones, RK Maddox, AKC Lee, JK Bizley (2018). “Integration of visual information in auditory cortex promotes auditory scene analysis through multisensory binding,” Neuron, 97(3): 640-655. PMC5814679. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2017.12.034
03/2017: McCloy D, BK Lau, E Larson, KAI Pratt, AKC Lee. “Pupillometry shows the effort of auditory attention switching,” Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.
01/2017: Lau, B. K., Lalonde, K., Oster, M. M., & Werner, L. A. (2017). Infant pitch perception: Missing fundamental melody discrimination. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 141(1), 65-72.
01/2017: Lau, B. K., Ruggles, D. R., Katyal, S., Engel, S. A., & Oxenham, A. J. (2017). Sustained Cortical and Subcortical Measures of Auditory and Visual Plasticity following Short-Term Perceptual Learning. PloS one, 12(1), e0168858.
11/2016: Lee, A. K., McLaughlin, S. A., & Larson, E. (2016). Switching of auditory attention. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 140(4), 3046-3046.
11/2016: Maddox, R. K., Pospisil, D. A., & Lee, A. K. (2016). Uninformative dynamic visual stimuli aid in segregating two similar acoustic stimuli, but not in detecting a single stimulus in noise. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 140(4), 3207-3208.
11/2016: McCloy, D., & Lee, A. K. (2016). Modeling native phonology and non-native speech perception using electroencephalography signals. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 140(4), 3337-333
11/2016: Kishline, L. R., Lee, A. K., & Maddox, R. K. (2016). Investigating the effect of selective attention and the spatial relationships of competing auditory stimuli on the sound-induced flash illusion. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 140(4), 3267-3267.
11/2016: Hasegawa-Johnson M, P Jyothi, D McCloy, M Mirbagheri, G di Liberto, A Das, B Ekin, C Liu, V Manohar, H Tang, EC Lalor, N Chen, P Hager, T Kekona, R Sloan, AKC Lee, (2017). “ASR for under-resourced languages from probabilistic transcription,” IEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio, Speech and Language Processing, 25(1): 50-63.
09/2016: Wronkiewicz, M, E Larson, AKC Lee (2016). “Incorporating modern neuroscience findings to improve brain–computer interfaces: tracking auditory attention.” Journal of Neural Engineering. doi: 10.1088/1741-2560/13/5/056017
More publications here


04/04/2019 Microsoft Research, Redmond
03/14/2019 Formal Seminar, Neuroscience Graduate Program, UCSF, San Francisco, CA
06/13/2018 International Symposium on Hearing 2018, Snekkersten, Denmark
03/23/2018 MEG Workshop, Department of Linguistics, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia
01/08/2018 Department of Communication Sciences & Disorders, University of South Florida, January 8, 2018.
10/23/2017 Australian Research Council Laureate Workshop, “Creating a Sense of Auditory Space,” Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia
10/16/2017 NSW The Children’s Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia
10/06/2017 Center for Research in Sensory Communication & Emerging Neural Technology & Hearing Research Center, Boston University, MA
10/05/2017 Harvard Center for Brain Science, Cambridge, MA
09/22/2017 Baylor College of Medicine, Neuroscience Seminar Series, TX
07/18/2017 Oculus (from Facebook), Redmond, WA, July 18, 2017.
12/15/2016 Starkey Hearing Research Center, Berkeley, CA.
07/11/2016 Australian Hearing Hub, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia
07/06/2016 Keynote at the 22nd annual International Conference on Auditory Display, Canberra, Australia
05/09/2016 The Brain and Mind Institute, Chinese University of Hong Kong
04/19/2016 Center for Hearing Research, UC Irvine, April 19, 2016.
02/29/2016: Behavioral Neuroscience Program and Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Western Washington University, Bellingham, Feb 29, 2016.
More talks here


09/16/2019 Congratulations to our PI, Dr. Adrian KC Lee for being promoted to Full Professor. 11/3/2017 Congratulations to our PI, Dr. Adrian KC Lee for being appointed an Honorary Associate Professor at Macquarie University in Sydney, Australia. Read more here
05/31/2017 Congratulations to Mark Wronkiewicz, Majid Mirbagheri, and Nick Foti for their successful AI Grant proposal to generate neural activity using deep learning techniques.
05/30/2017 Congratulations to Mark Wronkiewicz for successfully applying to NVIDIA’s GPU Grant Program.
05/24/2017 Congratulations to undergraduate Rayna Yang for receiving a Mary Gates Research Scholarship and doing a great job presenting her research at UW's 20th Annual Undergraduate Research Symposium.

03/10/2017 Congratulations to Dr. Mark Wronkiewicz for successfully defending his doctoral dissertation!!!

09/2016 Congratulation to Mark Wronkiewicz for having a figure from his recent paper chosen as the cover image for the October 2016 issue of the Journal of Neural Engineering!
05/31/2016 Congratulations to Dr. Susan McLaughlin on her grant proposal, entitled “Characterizing Auditory Processing in Individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder,” selected for funding at the UW Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute.
05/20/2016 Congratulations to LABS^N alum Katherine Pratt as being honored by the inaugural >Husky 100.
04/22/2016 Congratulations to Mark Wronkiewicz for winning a CSNE Student Travel Award and a BCI Meeting Travel Award to attend the Sixth International BCI Meeting
03/30/2016 Congratulations to Lindsey Kishline for her research fellowship award from the NSF Graduate Research Fellowships Program. We are very proud of our LABSN trainees (past and present) who have received this prestigious honor from NSF: Dean Pospisil (now in Neuro program); Katherine Ingle (now in EE); Mark Wronkiewicz and now Lindsey Kishline.
03/16/2016 Congratulations to Mark Wronkiewicz and his fellow graduate participants for publishing their work from their summer camp on computational neuroscience.
10/2015: Nick Foti has joined the lab. Welcome!
6/29/2015: Congratulations to Lindsey Kishline on being awarded a competitive position on the Auditory Neuroscience Training Grant at the University of Washington, funded by the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (of the National Institutes of Health). This grant supports a wide range of research topics, including neuroanatomy, development, genetics, cell and molecular biology, neuropharmacology, and electrophysiology of the peripheral and central auditory system as well as psychoacoustics, language perception and processing, and communication behavior.
6/13/2015: Adrian KC Lee will be presenting "In Search of Neural Correlate of Audio-Visual Binding" at the 16th International Multisensory Research Forum
More news and events here


05/21/2018 Congratulations to Bonnie Lau on receiving the NIH Pathway to Independence Award (K99)
09/1/2017 Farewell, Majid Mirbagheri! Good luck at Oculus / Facebook.
1/1/2017: Raleigh Davis has joined the lab as a new research coordinator. Welcome!
10/03/2016: Nicole Whittle and Rayna Yang have joined the lab. Welcome!
09/15/2016: Welcome to the lab, Sarah Baum!
03/15/2016: Welcome back from Thailand, Nadja!
10/2015: Nick Foti has joined the lab. Welcome!
07/09/2015: We are excited to welcome Nadja Li for the summer!
04/02/2015: Bonnie Lau has joined the lab. Welcome!
10/07/2014: We welcome Tiffany Waddington to the lab!
04/03/2014: We are excited to welcome Stephen Lee to our lab this summer through the 2014 CSNE Young Scholars Program.
03/31/2014: Kaitlyn Casimo, joins [LABS]N as a NEUBEH student on her spring quarter lab rotation. Welcome!
09/23/2013: Susan McLaughlin, PhD, joins [LABS]N as a Research Scientist. Welcome!
More about people here