Alliance for Pandemic Preparedness

February 5, 2021

Efficacy of ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 (AZD1222) vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 VOC



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[Pre-print, not peer reviewed] The efficacy the ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine (Oxford-AstraZeneca; AZD1222) against the B.1.1.7 variant of SARS-CoV-2 was similar to the efficacy against parent lineages, with 74% efficacy (95% CI, 42-89%) against B.1.1.7 compared to 84% efficacy (95% CI, 71-91%) against non- B.1.1.7 lineages. Vaccine-induced antibodies had an approximately nine-fold reduction in neutralization activity against the B.1.1.7 variant compared to a canonical non-B.1.1.7 lineage in a live-virus neutralization assay.

All participants received weekly nasal swabs for surveillance. Among those vaccinated with ChAdOx1 who subsequently became infected with SARS-CoV-2, both the duration of shedding and viral load was lower than among control participants. The authors suggest that this may result in a lower potential for transmission with vaccination. 

Emary et al. (Feb 4, 2021). Efficacy of ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 (AZD1222) vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 VOC. Pre-print downloaded Feb 5