2012 Charrette Results 设计研讨会的成果

China-US Professional Workshop on Regional Sustainable Development

中美城乡可持续发展专业研讨会

Friday-Saturday, October 12-13, 2012

Hotel Deca, Seattle

Goal

The goal of the charrette is to explore the transferability of experience and expertise in urban-rural integrative planning, green building technology, and sustainable community-building between China and U.S. Teams of Chinese and American professionals and students will use the Living Building Challenge as a framework for proposing design and development strategies for five case studies. Widely accepted to be the most advanced green building standard in the world, the Living Building Challenge has a straightforward purpose: it defines the most advanced measure of sustainability in the built environment possible today and acts to diminish the gap between current limits and ideal solutions. As such, the Challenge is a philosophy, advocacy tool, and certification program that addresses development at all scales. It is comprised of seven performance areas, or ‘Petals’: Site, Water, Energy, Health, Materials, Equity and Beauty.

CASE STUDIES:

    1. Capitol Hill Urban Cohousing, Seattle, Washington
    2. Jiang An Village, in Huaiyuan Town, Pi County, Chengdu, Sichuan
    3. No.3 Financial City, Chongqing
    4. City of Snoqualmie, Washington
    5. Vertilab Shanghai Center Tower, Shanghai


Introduction Session





 

Capitol Hill Urban Cohousing, Seattle, Washington
Results Presentation: Capitol Hill

The Capitol Hill Cohousing team focused on a case study in the Capitol Hill neighborhood of Seattle, Washington. This neighborhood is the densest neighborhood in Seattle. The case study includes a proposed cohousing development. Cohousing is a type of collaborative housing where residents live within a development with the intent of living in community with each other. They have their own private space, but share many common facilities. The residents participate in the neighborhood design, the management of all residences, and most of the aspects that come from living within a close together community. More information on this particular proposed development and cohousing in general can be found by clicking on this link. The team focused on different concepts/strategies that could be incorporated within the design of the development, some of these ideas included rainwater harvesting, onsite urban agriculture by way of green walls, materials reuse, open space design, off-grid energy supply, just to name a few.

 




Jiang An Village, in Huaiyuan Town, Pi County, Chengdu, Sichuan
Results Presentation: Chengdu

The Chengdu team focused on the development activities of a rural village in China. The team’s case study is Jiang’an, a small village in Huayuan Town, Pi County, China. This village is located 23 miles (37 kilometers) northwest of Chengdu. As being part of the larger cultural fertile landscape known as Linpan, the area has long been settled for thousands of years by rural subsistence farmers. These farmers have been living in a very sustainable manner in small dispersed settlements. The increasing pressure from outside development efforts are seeking to increase the density of the area and redevelop the region for new and different uses. The team looked at how using new developments alongside or within the existing infrastructure can help satisfy the desires of the government while at the same time respecting the culture and traditional living conditions that are known to the former and current residents within the small village and perhaps serve as a precedent for similar activities in the future.


Jiang An Village Results Session





No.3 Financial City, Chongqing
Results Presentation: Chongqing
This case study site studied the recently developed Central Business District in Chongqing, China. The team’s work centered on using the Central Business District site to create a series of areas that serve different uses, this would allow the district to serve as a multifunction district and not just a business area. These different functions include: residential, restaurants, shopping, parking, office, outdoor green areas, hotels, indoor recreation activities (theaters, gyms, etc.). The design elements include: building location, building design features (such as height, use, shape, etc.), way finding, outdoor experience (such as available sun light, wind corridors, traffic noise), sustainable building features (such as wind and solar power, rain water capture, natural ventilation), material use and reuse and green/open space design. Safety was also a major concern for the team, by proposing a development with mixed uses at different times of the day, the design allows for a higher number of people activating the space throughout different hours of the day and night, creating a higher sense of security for those using the area.


Chongqing Results Session





City of Snoqualmie
Results Presentation: Snoqualmie

The City of Snoqualmie has historically been located in a flood plain. The Snoqualmie River located adjacent to the older portions of the city can rise drastically and then flood the nearby areas during flooding events. Recently an effort has been made by the City of Snoqualmie to raise some of the historical buildings in their current locations, in addition to building new buildings above the flood height of the water during flood events. Recently a new-urbanist development has been constructed on a ridge that sits well above the flood prone valley of the city. These developments offer new business districts and new residential areas with multiple types of housing for residents. It was the recommendation of the Snoqualmie Team to continue to locate the majority of housing on the ridge and for any additional development within the flood plain to be developed high enough above the grade to allow for flooding events. In addition to this the team suggested a series of large bioswales in the existing flood plain to allow for storm water during flooding events to be directed away from the historical portions of the city. The proposed location of the bioswales is in a largely undeveloped area zoned for industrial. Moving that industrial area to a business/industrial area currently on the ridge would allow for future business to be developed with the ridge’s benefit of a closer proximity to the highway. The team also suggested that the river have micro-turbines installed to generate power for the nearby developments.


Snoqualmie Results Session





Vertilab Shanghai Center Tower, Shanghai

The Vertilab Team focused on the Shanghai Center Tower in Shanghai and the ability to create community within the tower. As of 2012 Shanghai Center Tower is the tallest tower in China and the second tallest tower in the world, second to the Burj Khalifa in Dubai. The tower’s primary use is multiple types of businesses, such as offices, hotels, restaurants, throughout all the levels with no to minimal residential areas. The current tower design uses wind turbines in addition to geothermal energy to provide earth friendly solutions for power and the hvac systems. The tower design incorporates the use of “sky lobbies,” a series of multi-level clear story lobbies intended to be community gathering places with several types of amenities. The Vertilab team used the theme of the Chinese Universe and the five elements (water, fire, wood, metal, and earth), all based on traditional Chinese philosophy. Since each of the elements has distinct characteristics, each of the sky lobbies exhibited those characteristics in their design and motifs. The design themes and amenities within each of the sky lobbies centered on the corresponding element. The Vertilab team did not prepare a PowerPoint presentation and opted instead for a more visual presentation allowing the different sky lobbies to be presented in a way that was engaging and thoughtful, this allowed the team to focus on each sky lobby and demonstrate how they independently create their own sense of community within the 2,073 foot-tall (632 meter) building.


Shanghai Center Tower Results Presentation

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