Literature    

The following literature (listed in alphabetical order by author) is a selected sample of articles written and published primarily by core members of the FAS DPN. You are welcome to download a single copy of an article for your use only, under the fair use policy.

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  1. Aase JM, Jones KL, Clarren SK. (1995)
    Do we need the term "FAE"?
    Pediatrics, 1995;95:428-430. (Copyright Am Acad of Ped, 41 KB).


  2. Astley SJ. (2014)
    Invited commentary on Australian fetal alcohol spectrum disorder diagnostic guidelines. BMC Pediatrics 14:85 doi:10.1186/1471-2431-14-85.



  3. Astley SJ. (2014)
    Twenty years of patient surveys confirm a FASD 4-Digit-Code interdisciplinary diagnosis afforded substantial access to interventions that met patents' needs. J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol Vol 21 (1):e81-e105; March 6, 2014. (Copyright Canadian Society of Clinical Pharmacology and Therepeutics).


  4. Astley SJ. (2013)
    Validation of the fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) 4-Digit Diagnostic Code. J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol Vol 20(3):e416-467;November 15, 2013. (Copyright:J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol) (narrated powerpoint presentation pdf)



  5. Astley SJ. (2011)
    Canadian palpebral fissure length growth charts reflect a good fit for two school and FASD clinic-based U.S. populations. J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol Vol 18 (2):e231-e241; April 8, 2011. (Copyright Canadian Society of Clinical Pharmacology and Therepeutics, 6829 KB)


  6. Astley SJ. (2011)
    Diagnosing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). In: Adubato SA and Cohen DE (eds.) Prenatal Alcohol Use and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Diagnosis, Assessment and New Directions in Research and Multimodal Treatment, Bentham Science Publishers Ltd. Bentham eBooks, pp 3-29. (submitted August, 2009).


  7. Astley SJ. (2010)
    Profile of the first 1,400 patients receiving diagnostic evaluations for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder at the Washington State Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Diagnostic & Prevention Network. Canadian Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, Vol 17 (1) Winter 2010:e132-e164:March 26, 2010. (Copyright Canadian Society of Clinical Pharmacology and Therepeutics, 6829 KB).

  8. Astley SJ. (2006)
    Comparison of the 4-Digit Diagnostic Code and the Hoyme Diagnostic Guidelines for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Pediatrics 2006;118(4):1532-1545. (Copyright: Pediatrics, Official Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics, 684 KB)

  9. Astley SJ. (2014)
    Reply to "Response to criticisms raised by Astley to clarifications of the IOM diagnostic criteria for FASD".


  10. Astley SJ. (2004)
    Diagnostic Guide for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: The 4-Digit Diagnostic Code, 3rd edition. University of Washington Publication Services, Seattle WA. (4 MB).


  11. Astley SJ. (2004)
    Fetal alcohol syndrome prevention in Washington State: Evidence of success.

    Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 2004;18:344-351. (Copyright Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 145 KB).


  12. Astley SJ, Aylward E, Brooks A, Carmichael Olson H, Coggins T, Davies J, Dorn S, Gendler B, Jirikowic T, Kerns K, Kraegel P, Maravilla K, Richards T. (2006)
    Associations between brain structure, chemistry, and function as assessed by MRI, MRS, fMRI, and neuropsychological testing among children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). [Abstract] Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 2006; 30(6):229A. (Copyright Am. Med. Soc. on Alcoholism and the Research Society on Alcoholism, 19 KB).


  13. Astley SJ, Aylward E, Olson HC, Kerns K, Brooks A, Coggins T, Davies J, Dorn S, Gendler B, Jirikowic T, Kraegel P, Maravilla K, Richards T. (2009)
    Magnetic resonance imaging outcomes from a comprehensive magnetic resonance study of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Alcoholism: Clin Exp Res. 2009;33(10):1-19. (Copyright Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 513 KB) .


  14. Astley SJ, Aylward E, Olson HC, Kerns K, Brooks A, Coggins T, Davies J, Dorn S, Gendler B, Jirikowic T, Kraegel P, Maravilla K, Richards T. (2009)
    Functional magnetic resonance imaging outcomes from a comprehensive magnetic resonance study of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Journal Neurodevelopmental Disorders 2009;1:61-80. (Copyright J Neurodevelopmental Disorders, 413 KB)


  15. Astley SJ, Bailey D, Talbot T, Clarren SK. (1998).
    Primary prevention of FAS: targeting women at high risk through the FAS Diagnostic and Prevention Network
    [Abstract]. Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research, 1998;22:104A. (Copyright Am. Med. Soc. on Alcoholism and the Research Society on Alcoholism, 10 KB).


  16. Astley SJ, Bailey D, Talbot T, Clarren SK. (2000)
    Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) primary prevention through FAS diagnosis: I. Identification of high-risk birth mothers through the diagnosis of their children. Alcohol & Alcoholism, 2000;35 (5):499-508. (Copyright Medical Council on Alcoholism, 61 KB).


  17. Astley SJ, Bailey D, Talbot T, Clarren SK.(2000)
    Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) primary prevention through FAS diagnosis: II. A comprehensive profile of 80 birth mothers of children with FAS.
    Alcohol & Alcoholism, 2000;35 (5):509-519. (Copyright Medical Council on Alcoholism, 66 KB).

  18. Astley SJ, Clarren SK. (1995)
    A fetal alcohol syndrome screening tool. ACER, 1995:19(6):1565-1571. (Copyright Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research).

  19. Astley SJ, Clarren SK.(1996)
    A case definition and photographic screening tool for the facial phenotype of fetal alcohol syndrome. Journal of Pediatrics, 1996;129:33-41. (Copyright Moseby-Yearbook, Inc., 238 KB).


  20. Astley SJ, Clarren SK.(1999)
    Diagnostic Guide for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Related Conditions: The 4-Digit Diagnostic Code, 2nd edition. University of Washington Publication Services, Seattle, WA.
    (Copyright University of Washington, 3.2 MB). **This publication is posted for historical purposes only. For current diagnosis of FASD the 2004 edition of the 4-Digit Diagnostic Code should be used.


  21. Astley SJ, Clarren SK. (2000)
    Diagnosing the full spectrum of fetal alcohol exposed individuals: Introducing the 4-Digit Diagnostic Code. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 2000;35 (4): 400-410.
    (Copyright Medical Council on Alcoholism, 116 KB).


  22. Astley SJ, Clarren SK. (2001)
    Measuring the facial phenotype of individuals with prenatal alcohol exposure: Correlations with brain dysfunction. Alcohol & Alcoholism, 2001;36(2):147-159.
    (Copyright Medical Council on Alcoholism,325 KB).



  23. Astley SJ, Clarren SK, Little RE, Sampson PD, Daling JR. (1992)
    Analysis of facial shape in children gestationally exposed to marijuana, alcohol, and/or cocaine. Pediatrics, 1992;89:67-77.(Copyright: Pediatrics, Official Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics).


  24. Astley SJ, Grant T (2012)
    Another perspective on 'The effect of different drinking patterns in early to mid pregnancy on the child's intelligence, attention, and executive function'. Letter to the Editor, BJOG 2012;1672, DOI: 10.1111/1471-0528.12008 (copyright RCOG).


  25. Astley SJ, Little RE. (1990)
    Maternal marijuana use during lactation and infant development at one year. Neurotoxicology and Teratology 1990;12:161-168. (Copyright Pergamon Press, Elsevier, 957 KB)


  26. Astley SJ, Magnuson SI, Omnell LM, Clarren SK. (1999)
    Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Changes in Craniofacial Form With Age, Cognition, and Timing of Ethanol Exposure in the Macaque. Teratology 1999;59:163-172.
    (Copyright John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 6.3 MB).


  27. Astley SJ, Olson HC, Kerns K, Brooks A, Aylward E, Coggins T, Davies J, Dorn S, Gendler B, Jirikowic T, Kraegel P, Maravilla K, Richards T. (2009)
    Neuropsychological and behavioral outcomes from a comprehensive magnetic resonance study of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Canadian Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, Vol 16 (1) Winter 2009:e178-e201;March 27, 2009. (Copyright Canadian Society of Pharmacology and Therepeutics, 219 KB)


  28. Astley SJ, Richards T, Aylward E, Olson HC, Kerns K, Brooks A, Coggins T, Davies J, Dorn S, Gendler B, Jirikowic T, Kraegel P, Maravilla K. (2009)
    Magnetic resonance spectroscopy outcomes from a comprehensive magnetic resonance study of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 2009;27:760-778. (Copyright Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 1,457 KB)


  29. Astley SJ, Stachowiak J, Clarren SK, Clausen C. (2002)
    Application of the fetal alcohol syndrome facial photographic screening tool in a foster care population. Journal of Pediatrics, 2002;141(5):712-7. (Copyright Elsevier Science, 116 KB).


  30. Astley SJ, Weinberger E, Shaw DW, Richards TL, Clarren SK. (1995)
    Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Spectroscopy in Fetal Ethanol Exposed Macaca nemestrina. Neurotoxicology and Teratology, 1995;17:523-530.
    (Copyright Elsevier Science, 14 MB).


  31. Bertrand J. (2009)
    (Research Consortium Authors include: Heather Carmichaeal Olson and Susan Astley). Interventions for children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs): Overview of findings for five innovative research projects. Research in Developmental Disabilities 2009, doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2009.02.003 (Copyright Elsevier Ltd, 272 KB).


  32. Chen LM, Olson HC, Picciano JF, Starr JR, Owens J. (2012)
    Sleep problems in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. J of Clinical Sleep Medicine. 2012;8(4):421-429. (Copyright American Academy of Sleep Medicine).


  33. Clarren SK and Astley SJ. (1998)
    Identification of Children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Opportunity for Referral of their Mothers for Primary Prevention - Washington, 1993-1997. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 1998;47(40):860-864.


  34. Clarren SK and Astley SJ (2004)
    Community Development of a FAS Diagnostic and Prevention Network Manual. University of Washington, Seattle WA (Describes how to engage the community in the development of an interdisciplinary FASD diagnostic team).


  35. Clarren SGB, Olson HC, Beck S, Clarren SK, Astley SJ. (2004)
    FAS DPN Clinical Model Manual, University of Washington. (Describes the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Diagnostic & Prevention Network Interdisciplinary FASD Diagnostic model).


  36. Clarren SK, Carmichael Olson H, Clarren SGB, Astley SJ. (2000)
    A Child with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. In Guralnick MJ (ed.), Interdisciplinary Clinical Assessment of Young Children with Developmental Disabilities. Baltimore, Maryland: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co., 307-326. (Copyright Brookes Publishing, 105 KB).



  37. Coggins TE, Friet T, Morgan T. (1998).
    Analysing narrative productions in older school-age children and adolescents with fetal alcohol syndrome: an experimental tool for clinical applications. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 1998;12(3):221-236. (Copyright Taylor & Francis Ltd, 265 KB).


  38. Coggins TE, Timler GR, Olswang LB. (2007)
    A state of double jeopardy: Impact of prenatal alcohol exposure and adverse environments on the social communicative abilities of school-age children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. Language, Speech and Hearing Services in Schools. 2007;38:117-127. (Copyright American Speech-Language Hearing Association, 386 KB).


  39. Franklin L, Deitz J, Jirikowic T, Astley S. (2008)
    Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: problem behaviors and sensory processing. Am J Occupational Therapy 2008;62, 265-273. (Copyright:AOTA).


  40. Iosub S, Fuchs M, Bingol N, Stone R, Gromisch D, Wasserman E. (1985)
    Palpebral fissure length in black and Hispanic children: Correlation with head circumference. Pediatrics 1985:75(2);318-320. (Copyright: Pediatrics, Official Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics)


  41. Jirikowic T, Kartin D, Olson HC. (2008)
    Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: A descriptive profile of adaptive function. Can J Occup Ther. 2008:75(4):238-248. (Copyright CAOT Publications Ace).


  42. Jirikowic T, Carmichael-Olson H, Kartin D. (2008)
    Sensory processing, school peformance, and adaptive behavior among young school-aged children with FASD. Phys Occup Ther Ped 2008;28:117-136. (copyright informa healthcare).


  43. Jirikowic T, McCoy S, Lubetzky-Vinlnai A, Price R, Coil M, Dartin D, Hsu L, Gendler B, Astley S. (2013)
    Sensory control of balance: A comparison of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders to children with typical development. J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol, 20(3):e212-e228; September 6, 2013 (Copyright Canadian Society of Pharmacology and Therapeutics).


  44. Jirikowic T, Gelo J, Astley S (2010)
    Children and youth with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: Summary of intervention recommendations after clinical diagnosis. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities 2010;48(5):330-344. (Copyright Am Assoc Intellect Dev Disab.)

  45. Miller MW, Astley SJ, Clarren SK. (1999)
    Number of axons in the corpus callosumof the mature Macaca Nemestrina: Increases caused by prenatal exposure to ethanol. J Comparative Neurology 1999;412:123-131. (Copyright Wiley Liss Inc).


  46. Olson HC, Feldman JJ, Streissguth AP, Sampson PD, Bookstein FL. (1998)
    Neuropsychological deficits in adolescents with fetal alcohol syndrome: clinical findings. 1998; Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1998;22(9):1998-2012. (Copyright The Research Society on Alcoholism).


  47. Olson HC, Gendler B, Kraegel P, Rosengren D, Clarren SK, Astley SJ. (1998)
    A Targeted Approach to FAS Prevention: The FAS DPN First Bridges Program. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 2002. (Copyright The Research Society on Alcoholism).


  48. Olson HC, Jirikowic T, Kartin D, Astley SJ. (2007)
    Responding to the challenge of early intervention for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Infants & Young Children, 2007;20(2);172-189. (Copyright Lippincott Williams & Wilkins)


  49. Olson HC, Oti R, Gelo J, Beck S. (2009)
    Family matters. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and the family. Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews 2009;15:235-249. (Copyright John Wiley & Sons Inc)


  50. Olswang LB, Coggins TE, Timler GR. (2001)
    Outcome Measures for School-Age Children with Social Communication Problems.
    Topics in Language Disorders
    , 2001;22(1):50-73.
    (Copyright Aspen Publishers, Inc., 1.5 MB).


  51. Olswang LB, Svensson L, Astley SJ. (2010)
    Observation of classroom social communication: Do children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders spend their time differently than their peers developing typically? J. Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2010;53:1687-1703.
    (Copyright: Am. Speech-Language-Hearing Assoc. , 373 KB).


  52. Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System PRAMS 1999 Surveillance Report.
    U.S. Dept. Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1999
    (See pages 78-83).


  53. Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System. (2002)
    The Washington State Department of Health 1996-1998 Surveillance Report. Volume II. Tobacco Use and Infant Exposure to Cigarette Smoke, Alcohol Use and Illegal Drug Use.
    May 2002. (See Table 6.1 Trend of Alcohol Use During Pregnancy from 1994-1998. p.79).


  54. Sheller B, Clarren SK, Astley SJ, Sampson PD. (1988)
    Morphometric analysis of macaca nemestrina exposed to ethanol during gestation. Teratology 1988;38;411-417 (copyright Alan R. Liss Inc)


  55. Siebert JR, Astley SJ, Clarren SK. (1991)
    Holoprosencephaly in a fetal macaque (Macaca Nemestrina) following weekly exposure to ethanol. Teratology 1991;44:29-36. (copyright Wiley-Liss Inc).


  56. Stromland K, Chen Y, Norberg T, Wennerstrom K, Michael G (1999)
    Reference values of facial features in scandinavian children measured with a range-camera technique. Scand J Plast Reconstr Hand Surg 1999;33:59-65. (copyright Scandinavian University Press)


  57. Timler GR, Olswang LB. (2001)
    Variable Structure/Variable Performance: Parent and Teacher Perspectives on a School-Age Child with FAS. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, Winter 2001;3(1):48-56. (Copyright PRO-ED, 2.8 MB).



  58. Timler GR, Olswang LB, Coggins TE. (2005)
    "Do I know what I need to do?" A social communication intervention for children with complex clinical profiles. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools. 2005;36::73-85. (Copyright American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, 444 KB).



  59. Thorne JC, Coggins TE. ( 2008)
    A diagnostically promising technique for tallying nominal reference errors in the narratives of school-aged children with Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). Int J Lang Comm Dis. 2008;43(5):570-594. (Copyright Royal College of Speech & Language Therapists, 393 KB).



  60. Thorne JC, Coggins TE, Olson HC, Astley SJ. (2007)
    Exploring the utility of narrative analysis in diagnostic decision making: picture-bound reference, elaboration, and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. J Speech, Language and Hearing Research 2007;50:459-474. (Copyright Am Speech-Language-Hearing Association).


  61. Thorne JC. (2010)
    Tallying reference errors in narratives: Integrative language function, impairment, and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Doctoral Dissertation. Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle WA.


  62. Ulleland CN. (1972)
    The Offspring of Alcoholic Mothers. Annals New York Academy of Sciences, 1972;197:167-169. (Copyright New York Academy of Sciences, 107 KB).



  63. Ulleland, Christy N; Wennberg, Richard P; Igo, Robert P; Smith, Nathan J. (1970)
    The Offspring of Alcoholic Mothers. American Pediatric Society and Society for Pediatric Research, 1970. Page 93. (54 KB).

    This abstract was accepted for presentation by Dr. Ulleland at the Annual Meeting of the American Pediatric Society-Society for Pediatric Research, held in Atlantic City New Jersey in 1970. This abstract was printed (not published) in the Abstract Issue distributed at the meeting, therefore it cannot be found through a medline search. The Society for Pediatric Research provided us with this copy from their archives.

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