Listed below are links to screening activities/tools targeted to women and children at risk for substance abuse and/or fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
- FAS Diagnostic & Prevention Network (FAS DPN) FAS Screening Program.
The Washington State FAS DPN, established in 1993, is a statewide network of interdisciplinary, FASD diagnostic clinics led by the core clinical/research/training clinic at the University of Washington. All clinics use the (2004) FASD 4-Digit Diagnostic Code. The mission of the FAS DPN is prevention of FASD through screening, diagnosis, intervention, surveillance, training, and research.
The FAS DPN conducts a FAS Screening Program of all children entering long-term care in the King County Foster Care Passport Program. More information on this FAS Screening Program is presented in the PREVENTION section of this website and in the 2002 publication listed below.
Astley SJ, Stachowiak J, Clarren SK, Clausen C. Application of the fetal alcohol syndrome facial photographic screening tool in a foster care population. J Peds 2002:141(5):712-7.
- Child Health & Education Track (CHET), Department of Social and Health Services.
The purpose of CHET is to identify the well-being needs and strengths of children in out-of-home care and to review and monitor the outcomes of the services provided to meet the needs or to support the strengths of the child.
- Substance Abuse During Pregnancy: Guidelines for Screening, Depart. of Health.
The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology 1994 Technical Bulletin Number 195 on Substance Abuse in Pregnancy recommends that all pregnant women be questioned thoroughly about substance abuse. The purpose of these Guidelines are to: 1) Improve provider ability to effectively screen and identify pregnant women with substance use/abuse issues, 2) provide guidelines for screening and follow-up, 3) provide sample screening tools, 4) provide recommendations related to drug testing of pregnant women and newborns, and 5) provide referral resource numbers. These Guidelines are the result of House Bill 3103 passed and signed into law by Governor Locke in 1998. The House Bill directed the Department of Health to develop screening criteria for identifying pregnant and lactating women at risk of producing a drug-affected baby.
- FASD Behavioral Traits Survey (BTS) Screening Tool, FAS*FRI.
(Based on the FASD Collective Family Experience). The purpose of this 53-item screening tool is to identify children, teens and adults who need to be evaluated for FASD, but who do not have the facial features for a full diagnosis of FAS. It is intended for use by educators, front-line social and medical service providers who have had long term, close contact with the individual. The FASD Behavioral Traits Survey (BTS) was developed from data gathered through surveys, family retreats, website contacts, phone calls and personal interviews by Jocie DeVries, Ann Waller and Vicky McKinney at the FAS Family Resource Institute (FAS*FRI). This screening tool is the result of 15 years of gathering information from hundreds of parents who have raised or are raising affected children, most of them diagnosed by medical researchers who specialize in FASD. Dr. Glena L. Andrews and her colleagues at Northwest Nazarene University (Idaho) have been working for several years with FAS*FRI staff to evaluate the specificity and validity of the BTS. Early indications are that this screening tool can help differentiate between the behaviors resulting from prenatal alcohol exposure and the behavior profiles caused by other conditions, including ADHD and Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum. Comparisons have also been made with scores on the Achenbach Behavioral Checklists (2002, ABC.) A high correlation was found between BTS and ABC scores. For more information, contact Vicky McKinney at the FAS Family Resource Institute (800) 999-3429 or e-mail: Vicky@fetalalcoholsyndrome.org or Ann@fetalalcohosyndrome.org.
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