There are a couple of accommodations faculty may be asked to provide for deaf or hard-of-hearing students. They are Closed caption for films/videos, Sign Language Interpreting and Real Time Captioning.
Closed Captioning for Films/Videos
The student will need to use closed captioning on any films, video clips or DVD’s shown in class. If you will be showing media from either the University Libraries Media Center (543-6071) or Classroom Support Services Educational Media Collection (543-9900), please check to see if a closed captioned version is available. When using YouTube to find content, you can limit your search to closed captioned titles by using “, CC” after your search (ex. “Classroom design, CC”).
Titles with captioning:
- Most classrooms on upper campus are equipped with either TV monitors or video/data projectors. Most video/data projectors lack an internal closed caption decoder. To verify if the TV monitor in your classroom supports closed captioning please contact Classroom Support Services (543-9900). If the installation of a portable closed caption decoder is needed for the video/data projector, please contact DRS to order one for your classroom. Please allow a minimum of five (5) working days in advance of your scheduled show date.
- If you plan on showing several films, videos or DVDs to your students over the course of the quarter you may either schedule the necessary equipment with DRS prior to each show date, or pre-schedule all show dates for the entire quarter.
Titles without captioning:
- In some cases, study guides are available for films and videos owned by the University. Please contact either the Media Center (543-6051) or the Educational Media Center (543-9900) to inquire about study guides.
- Some films/videos have transcripts. If you are borrowing or renting the media elsewhere, you might ask if they have transcripts available, or contact the distributor to try to obtain the transcript.
- DRS may be able to hire a transcriptionist to make a transcript of the film, video or DVD. To provide this service, DRS will need the media seven (7) working days prior to the scheduled classroom showing.
- If the film, video or DVD is not available in closed caption, the student may need an opportunity to view the video, film or DVD for a second time outside of class. If this is needed, please contact Classroom Support Services (543-9900) to schedule a viewing room in Kane Hall basement. Approval from the faculty (by email or phone) is required for the student to view the title.
A real-time captioner uses a court stenographer’s device to input all the information that is presented verbally in class. This device is connected to a laptop computer where the verbal information presented is displayed as text for the student to read. There is a slight (a few seconds) delay before the information appears on the computer screen. In order for the student to read the screen, he/she and the real-time captioner will need to sit next to each other in the classroom. I have included information regarding real-time captioning in this memo for your reference and review.
The following information is taken from a handout created by Lundy Associates.
- Remember that the captioner is recording information verbatim. It is very difficult to caption if the speaker is talking too fast, mumbles, or if several people speak at once. Please ask speakers to speak at a normal rate and not to speak at the same time.
- If the speaker plans to read material in the class, it will be beneficial if the student is given the material prior to the beginning of the class so that he/she can follow along with what is being read.
- The captioner’s software enables the student with little or no speech to type a question, raise their hand and have the captioner ask the question. This allows the student to fully participate in the class.
- Please remember, the captioner cannot write on the machine and talk at the same time. Avoid speaking directly to the captioner or asking questions of the captioner during class time.
Real-time captioners do not do:
- Add or delete information
- Explain, define, or repeat information
- Take responsibility for the student’s absences or classroom performance.
- Provide service during tests (unless requested in advance).
- Participate in class discussions or activities.
- Advise people on the subject of deafness.
- Talk about court reporting equipment or profession during class time.
Sign Language Interpreting *
Remember that the interpreter is there for the student who is deaf AND for you. The interpreter will relay the information being presented in class and can also interpret communications with you or with other students before or after class. Arrangements may be made with DRS to have an interpreter present for necessary meetings outside of class.
- When using an interpreter to speak with a person who is deaf, remember to speak directly to the deaf person, not to the interpreter. The interpreter is not part of the conversation and is not permitted to voice personal opinions or enter into the conversation.
- Face the person who is deaf and speak to him/her in a normal manner. Do not make comments to the interpreter that you do not intend to have interpreted to the deaf person, even if the deaf person’s back is turned.
- Remember that the interpreter is a few words behind the speaker. Please give the interpreter time to finish before you ask questions so that the deaf person may also ask questions or join in the discussion.
- Whenever possible, please permit only one person to speak at a time during group discussions, as it is very difficult for an interpreter when several people are speaking at once. It may be beneficial to ask the class to allow a brief pause between speakers to permit the interpreter to finish the previous statement before the next speaker begins.
- In classes in which there is a great deal of classroom participation, it is helpful if the students in the class raise their hands and wait to be called upon before speaking. This allows the interpreter and the deaf student time to identify who is speaking, before proceeding with the interpreted statement.
- Speak clearly and in a normal tone when using an interpreter. Do not rush through a lecture. If the interpreter does not understand, or did not hear what was said, he or she may ask the speaker to slow down or restate the information given.
- Allow time to study handouts, charts or overheads. A person who is deaf cannot watch the interpreter and study written information at the same time. If at all possible, please provide the student with these materials in advance so they may be reviewed ahead of time.
- Be sure that the interpreter has good lighting. If the interpreting situation requires darkening the room to view slides, videotapes, or films, auxiliary lighting may be necessary so that the deaf person can see the interpreter.
* This information is the result of a joint effort between the Seattle Community College Regional Education Program for Deaf Students and the University of Washington.
Please contact DRS if you have any questions about making videos accessible.