Publications from Organic Electro-Optics Thrust

  1. Park, D.; Pagan, V.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y.; Petruzzi, P.”RF Photonic Downconversion of a QPSK Signal with a Millimeter-Wave Coupled Polymer Phase ModulatorNonlinear Opt., NM3A.5, 2017.
  2. Jouane, Y.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y.; Enami, Y.”Increased electro-optic effect in a guest–host electro-optic polymer by adding PEDOT:PSS as an interfacial barrier layerJ. Opt., 19, 045503-045512, 2017.
  3. Luo, J.; Lin, F.; Li, Z.; Li, M.; Kim, T.-D.; Jang, S.-H.; Jen, A. K.-Y.”New push–pull polyene chromophores containing a Michler’s base donor and a tricyanofuran acceptor: multicomponent condensation, allopolar isomerism and large optical nonlinearityJ. Mater. Chem. C, 5, 2230-2234, 2017.
  4. Enami, Y.; Seki, A.; Masuda, S.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Ultra-Broadband Mach-Zehnder Hybrid Electro-Optic Polymer/Sol-Gel Silica Waveguide ModulatorsCLEO, SM2O.5, 2017.
  5. Luo, J.; Park, D. H.; Tofighi, S.; Himmelhuber, R.; Zhu, Z.-L.; Li, M.; Norwood, R. A.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Efficient wafer-scale poling of electro-optic polymer thin films on soda-lime glass substrates: large second-order nonlinear coefficients and exceptional homogeneity of optical birefringenceOpt. Express, 7, 1909-1916, 2017.
  6. Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y.”High performance organic electro-optic materials enabling efficient optical modulation for advanced photonic devicesIEEE Xplore, 2016.
  7. Li, Z. A.; Zhao, P. Tofighi, S.; Sharma, R.; Ensley, T. R.; Jang, S.-H.; Hagan, D. J.; Van Stryland, E. W.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Zwitterionic Cyanine–Cyanine Salt: Structure and Optical PropertiesJ. Phys. Chem. C., 120, 15378-15384, 2016.
  8. Enami, Y.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y.”High Stability and Higher Poling Efficiency for Electro-Optic Polymer/TiO2 Vertical Slot Waveguide ModulatorsLaser Sci., JTh2A.147, 2016.
  9. Li, Z. A.; Kim, H.; Chi, S. H.; Hales, J. M.; Jang, S.-H.; Perry, J. W.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Effects of Counterions with Multiple Charges on the Linear and Nonlinear Optical Properties of Polymethine SaltsChem. Mater., 28, 3115-3121, 2016.
  10. Davydenko, I.; Barlow, S.; Sharma, R.; Benis, S.; Simon, J.; Allen, T. G.; Cooper, M. W.; Khrustalev, V.; Jucov, E. V>; Castaneda, R.; Ordonez, C.; Li, Z.; Chi, S.-H.; Jang, S.-H.; Parker, T. C.; Timofeeva, T. V.; Perry, J. W.; Jen, A. K.-Y.; Hagan, D. J.; Stryland, E. W. V.; Marder, S. R.”Facile Incorporation of Pd(PPh3)2Hal Substituents into Polymethines, Merocyanines, and Perylene Diimides as a Means of Suppressing Intermolecular InteractionsJ. Am. Chem. Soc., 138, 10112-10115, 2016.
  11. Enami, Y.; Nakamura, H.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Analysis of efficiently poled electro-optic polymer/Tio2 vertical slot waveguide modulatorsOpt. Commun., 362, 77-80, 2016.
  12. Schulz, K. M.; Prorok, S.; Jalas, D.; Marder, S. R.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y.; Zierold, R.; Nielsch, K.; Eich, M. “Mechanism that governs the electro-optic response of second-order nonlinear polymers on silicon substrates
    Opt. Mater. Express, 5, 1653-1660, 2015.
  13. Li, M.; Huang, S.; Zhou, X.-H.; Zang, Y.; Wu, J.; Cui, Z.; Luo, J., Jen, A. K.-Y. “Poling Efficiency Enhancement of Tethered Binary Nonlinear Optical Chromophores for Achieving Ultrahigh n3r33 Figure-of-Merit of 2601 pm/V
    J. Mater. Chem. C, 3, 6737-6744, 2015.
  14. Park, D. H.; Pagan, V. R.; Murphy, T. E.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y.; Herman, W. N. “Free space millimeter wave-coupled electro-optic high speed nonlinear polymer phase modulator with in-plane slotted patch antennasOpt. Express, 23, 9464-9476, 2015.
  15. Nelson, C. A.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y. Jen, Laghumavarapu, R. B.; Huffaker, D. L.; Zhu, X. “Time-, Energy-, and Phase-Resolved Second Harmonic Generation at Semiconductor InterfacesJ. Phys. Chem. C, 118, 27981-27988, 2014.
  16. Huang, S.; Luo, J.; Jin, Z.; Li, M.; Kim, T.-D.; Chen, A.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Spontaneously Poling of Electro-Optic Polymer Thin Films across a 1.1-mm Thick Glass Substrate by Pyroelectric CrystalsAppl. Phys. Lett., 105, 183305, 2014.
  17. Prorok, S.; Petrov, A.; Eich, M.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K,-Y. “Modification of a Teng-Man Technique to Measure both r33 and r13 Electro-Optic CoefficientsAppl. Phys. Lett., 105, 113302, 2014.
  18. Ren, F.; Wang, X.; Li, Z.; Luo, J.; Jang, S.-H.; Jen, A. K.-Y.; Wang, A. X. “Enhanced Third Harmonic Generation by Organic Materials on High-Q Plasmonic Photonic CrystalsOpt. Express, 22, 20292-20297, 2014.
  19. Enami, Y.; Kayaba, Y.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Mesoporous Sol-Gel Silica Cladding for Hybrid TiO2/Electro-Optic Polymer Waveguide ModulatorsOpt. Express, 22, 16418-16423, 2014.
  20. Zhang, X.; Hosseini, A.; Subbaraman, H.; Wang, S.; Zhan, Q.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y.; Chen, R. T. “Integrated Photonic Electromagnetic Field Sensor Based on Broadband Bowtie Antenna Coupled Silicon Organic Hybrid ModulatorJ. Lightwave Technol., 32, 3774-384, 2014.
  21. Prorok, S.; Petrov, A.; Eich, M.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Configurable Silicon Photonic Crystal WaveguidesAppl. Phys. Lett., 103, 261112, 2013.
  22. Huang, W.; Jin, Z.; Shi, Z.; Intemann, J. J.; Li, M.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Spontaneous Thermal Crosslinking of a Sydnonecontaining Side-Chain Polymer with Maleimides through a Vonvergent [3 + 2] Dual Cycloaddition/Cycloreversion Process for Electro-OpticsPolym. Chem., 4, 5760-5767, 2013.
  23. Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Highly Efficient Organic Electrooptic Materials and Their Hybrid Systems for Advanced Photonic DevicesIEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant., 19, 3401012, 2013.
  24. Li, M.; Jin, Z.; Cernetic, N.; Luo, J.; Cui, Z.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Photo-Induced Denitrogenation of Triazoline Moieties for Efficient Photo-Assisted Poling of Electro-Optic PolymersPolym. Chem., 4, 4434-4441, 2013.
  25. Intemann, J. J.; Huang, W.; Jin, Z.; Shi, Z.; Yang, X.; Yang, J.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Cascading Retro-Diels–Alder Cycloreversion and Sydnone-Maleimide Based Double 1,3-Dipolar Cycloaddition for Quantitative Thermal Cross-Linking of an Amorphous Polymer SolidACS Macro Lett., 2, 256-259, 2013.
  26. Huang, S.; Luo, J.; Yip, H.-L.; Ayazi, A.; Zhou, X.-H.; Gould, M.; Chen, A.; Baehr-Jones, T.; Hochberg, M.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Efficient Poling of Electro-Optic Polymers in Thin Films and Silicon Slot Waveguides by Detachable Pyroelectric Crystals”, Adv. Mater., 24, OP42-OP47, 2012.
  27. Zhou, X.-H.; Luo, J.; Davies, J. A.; Huang, S.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Push-Pull Tetraene Chromophores Derived from Dialkylaminophenyl, Tetrahydroquinolinyl and Julolidinyl Moieties: Optimization of Second-Order Optical Nonlinearity by Fine-Tuning the Strength of Electron-Donating Groups”, J. Mater. Chem., 22, 16390-16398, 2012.
  28. Huang, S.; Luo, J.; Jin, Z.; Zhou, X.-H.; Shi, Z.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Enhanced Temporal Stability of a Highly Efficient Guest-Host Electro-Optic Polymer through a Barrier Layer Assisted Poling Process”, J. Mater. Chem., 22, 20353-20357, 2012.
  29. Shi, Z.; Cui, Y.-Z.; Huang, S.; Li, Z.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Dipolar Chromophore Facilitated Huisgen Cross-Linking Reactions for Highly Efficient and Thermally Stable Electrooptic Polymers”, ACS Macro Lett., 1, 793-796, 2012.
  30. Luo, J.; Huang, S.; Shi, Z.; Polishak, B. M.; Zhou, X.-H.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Tailored Organic Electro-optic Materials and Their Hybrid Systems for Device Applications”, Chem. Mater., 23, 544-553, 2011.
  31. Wang, X.; Lin, C.-Y.; Chakravarty, S.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y.; Chen, R. T. “Effective In-Fevice r33 of 735 pm/V on Rlectro-Optic Polymer Infiltrated Silicon Photonic Crystal Slot Waveguides”, Opt. Lett., 36, 882-884, 2011.
  32. Shi, Z.; Luo, J.; Huang, S.; Polishak, B. M.; Zhou, X.-H.; Liff, S.; Younkin, T. R.; Block, B. A.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Achieving Excellent Electro-Optic Activity and Thermal Stability in Poled Polymers through an Expeditious Crosslinking Process”, J. Mater. Chem., 22, 951-959, 2011.
  33. Gould, M.; Baehr-Jones, T.; Ding, R.; Huang, S.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y.; Fedeli, J.-M.; Fournier, M.; Hochberg, M. “Silicon-Polymer Hybrid Slot Waveguide Ring-Resonator Modulator”, Opt. Express, 19, 3952-3961, 2011.
  34. Polishak, B. M.; Huang, S.; Luo, J.; Shi, Z.; Zhou, X.-H.; Hsu, A.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “A Triptycene-Containing Chromophore for Improved Temporal Stability of Highly Efficient Guest−Host Electrooptic Polymers”, Macromolecules, 44, 1261–1265, 2011.
  35. Chadderdon, S.; Gibson, R.; Selfridge, R. H.; Schultz, S. M.; Wang, W. C.; Forber, R.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Electric-Field Sensors Utilizing Coupling between a D-Fiber and an Electro-Optic Polymer Slab”, Appl. Opt., 50, 3505-12, 2011.
  36. Huang, S.; Kim, T.-D.; Luo, J.; Hau, S. K.; Shi, Z.; Zhou, X.-H.; Yip, H.-L.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Highly Efficient Electro-Optic Polymers through Improved Poling using a Thin TiO2-modified Transparent Electrode”, Appl. Phys. Lett., 96, 243311, 2010.
  37. Shi, Z.; Liang, W.; Luo, J.; Huang, S.; Polishak, B. M.; Li, X.; Younkin, T. R.; Block, B. A.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Tuning the Kinetics and Energetics of Diels-Alder Cycloaddition Reactions to Improve Poling Efficiency and Thermal Stability of High-Temperature Cross-Linked Electro-Optic Polymers”, Chem. Mater., 22, 5601-5608, 2010.
  38. Luo, J.; Kim, T.-D.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Unprecedented Electro-Optic Properties in Polymers and Dendrimers Enabled by Click Chemistry Based on the Diels–Alder Reactions in Click Chemistry for Biotechnology and Materials Science”, Wiley, 379-398, 2009.
  39. Takahashi, S.; Bhola, B.; Yick, A.; Steier, W. H.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y.; Jin, D.; Dinu, R. “Photo-Stability Measurement of Electro-Optic Polymer Waveguides With High Intensity at 1550-nm Wavelength”, J. Lightwave Technol., 27, 1045-1050, 2009.
  40. Luo, J.; Zhou, X.-H.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Rational Molecular Design and Supramolecular Assembly of Highly Efficient Organic Electro-Optic Materials”, J. Mater. Chem., 19, 7410-7424, 2009.
  41. Shi, Z.; Luo, J.; Haung, S.; Zhou, X.-H.; Kim, T.-D.; Cheng, Y.-J.; Polishak, B. M.; Younkin, T. R.; Block, B. A.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Reinforced Site Isolation Leading to Remarkable Thermal Stability and High Electrooptic Activities in Cross-Linked Nonlinear Optical Dendrimers”, Chem. Mater., 20, 6372-6377, 2008.
  42. Chen, H.; Chen, B.; Huang, D.; Jin, D.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y.; Dinu, R. “Broadband Electro-Optic Polymer Modulators with High Electro-Optic Activity and Low Poling Induced Optical Loss”, Appl. Phys. Lett., 93, 043507, 2008.
  43. Cheng, Y.-J.; Luo, J.; Huang, S.; Zhou, X.-H.; Shi, Z.; Kim, T.-D.; Bale, D. H.; Takahashi, S.; Yick, A.; Polishak, B. M.; Jang, S.-H.; Dalton, L. R.; Reid, P. J.; Steier, W. H.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Donor-Acceptor Thiolated Polyenic Chromophores Exhibiting Large Optical Nonlinearity and Excellent Photostability”, Chem. Mater., 20, 5047-5054, 2008.
  44. Gray, T.; Kim, T.-D.; Knorr, Jr., D. B.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y.; Overney, R. M. “Mesoscale Dynamics and Cooperativity of Networking Dendronized Nonlinear Optical Molecular Glasses”, Nano Lett., 8, 754-759, 2008.
  45. McLaughlin, C. V.; Hayden, L. M.; Polishak, B.; Huang, S.; Luo, J.; Kim, T.-D.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Wideband 15 THz Response using Organic Electro-Optic Polymer Emitter-Sensor Pairs at Telecommunication Wavelengths”, Appl. Phys. Lett., 92, 151107, 2008.
  46. Kim, T.-D.; Luo, J.; Cheng, Y.-J.; Shi, Z.; Hau, S.; Jang, S.-H.; Zhou, X.-H.; Tian, Y.; Polishak, B.; Huang, S.; Ma, H.; Dalton, L. R.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Binary Chromophore Systems in Nonlinear Optical Dendrimers and Polymers for Large Electrooptic Activities”, J. Phys. Chem. C, 112, 8091-8098, 2008.
  47. Block, B. A.; Younkin, T. R.; Davids, P. S.; Reshotko, M. R.; Chang, P.; Polishak, B. M.; Huang, S.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Electro-Optic Polymer Cladding Ring Resonator Modulators”, Opt. Express, 16, 18326-18333, 2008.
  48. Luo, J.; Huang, S.; Cheng, Y.-J.; Shi, Z.; Zhou, X.-H.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Phenyltetraene-Based Nonlinear Optical Chromophores with Enhanced Chemical Stability and Electrooptic Activity”, Org. Lett., 9, 4471-4474, 2007.
  49. Enami, Y.; Mathine, D.; DeRose, C. T.; Norwood, R. A.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y.; Peyghambarian, N. “Hybrid Cross-Linkable Polymer/Sol-Gel Waveguide Modulators with 0.65 V Half Wave Voltage at 1550 nm”, Appl. Phys. Lett., 91, 093505, 2007.
  50. Bortnik, B.; Hung, Y.-C.; Tazawa, H.; Seo, B.-J.; Luo, J.; Jen, A. K.-Y.; Steier, W. H.; Fetterman, H. R. “Electrooptic Polymer Ring Resonator Modulation up to 165 GHz”, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., 13, 104-110, 2007.
  51. Kim, T.-D.; Kang, J.-W.; Luo, J.; Jang, S.-H.; Ka, J.-W.; Tucker, N.; Benedict, J. B.; Dalton, L. R.; Gray, T.; Overney, R. M.; Park, D. H.; Herman, W. N.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Ultralarge and Thermally Stable Electro-Optic Activities from Supramolecular Self-Assembled Molecular Glasses”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 129, 488-489, 2007.
  52. Enami, Y.; Derose, C. T.; Mathine, D.; Loychik, C.; Greenlee, C.; Norwood, R. A.; Kim, T. D.; Luo, J.; Tian, Y.; Jen, A. K.-Y.; Peyghambarian, N. “Hybrid Polymer/Sol–Gel Waveguide Modulators with Exceptionally Large Electro–Optic Coefficients”, Nature Photon., 1, 180-185, 2007.
  53. Kim, T.-D.; Luo, J.; Ka, J.-W.; Hao, S.; Tian, Y.; Tucker, N. M. Jang, S.-H.; Kang, J.-W.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Ultralarge and Thermally Stable Electro-optic Activities from Diels–Alder Crosslinkable Polymers Containing Binary Chromophore Systems”, Adv. Mater., 18, 3038-3042, 2006.
  54. Luo, J.; Cheng, Y.-J.; Kim, T.-D.; Hao, S.; Jang, S.-H.; Shi, Z.; Zhou, X.-H.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Facile Synthesis of Highly Efficient Phenyltetraene-Based Nonlinear Optical Chromophores for Electrooptics”, Org. Lett., 8, 1387-1390, 2006.
  55. Jang, S.-H.; Luo, J.; Tucker, N. M.; Leclercq, A.; Zojer, E.; Haller, M. A.; Kim, T.-D.; Kang, J.-W.; Firestone, K.; Bale, D.; Lao, D.; Benedict, J. B.; Cohen, D.; Kaminsky, W.; Kahr, B.; Brédas, J.-L.; Reid, P.; Dalton, L. R.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Pyrroline Chromophores for Electro-Optics”, Chem. Mater., 18, 2982-2988, 2006.
  56. Hochberg, M.; Baehr-Jones, T.; Wang, G.; Shearn, M.; Harvard, K.; Luo, J.; Chen, B.; Shi, Z.; Lawson, R.; Sullivan, P.; Jen, A. K.-Y.; Dalton, L.; Scherer, A. “Terahertz All-Optical Modulation in a Silicon-Polymer Hybrid System”, Nat. Mater., 5, 703-709, 2006.
  57. Kuo, Y.-H.; Luo, J.; Steier, W. H.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Enhanced Thermal Stability of Electrooptic Polymer Modulators using the Diels-Alder Crosslinkable Polymer”, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., 18, 175-177, 2006.
  58. Luo, J.; Haller, M.; Ma, H.; Liu, S.; Kim, T.-D.; Tian, Y.; Chen, B.; Jang, S.-H.; Dalton, L. R.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Nanoscale Architectural Control and Macromolecular Engineering of Nonlinear Optical Dendrimers and Polymers for Electro-Optics”, J. Phys. Chem. B, 108, 8523-8530, 2004.
  59. Luo, J.; Haller, M.; Li, H.; Kim, T.-D.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Highly Efficient and Thermally Stable Electro-optic Polymer from a Smartly Controlled Crosslinking Process”, Adv. Mater., 15, 1635-1638, 2003.
  60. Liu, S.; Haller, M. A.; Ma, H.; Dalton, L. R.; Jang, S.-H.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Focused Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of 2,5-Dihydrofuran Derivatives as Electron Acceptors for Highly Efficient Nonlinear Optical Chromophores”, Adv. Mater., 15, 603–607, 2003.
  61. Luo, J.; Liu, S.; Haller, M.; Liu, L.; Ma, H.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Design, Synthesis, and Properties of Highly Efficient Side-Chain Dendronized Nonlinear Optical Polymers for Electro-Optics”, Adv. Mater., 14, 1763-1768, 2002.
  62. Ma, H.; Liu, S.; Luo, J.; Suresh, S.; Liu, L.; Kang, S. H.; Haller, M.; Sassa, T.; Dalton, L. R.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Highly Efficient and Thermally Stable Electro-Optical Dendrimers for Photonics”, Adv. Funct. Mater., 12, 565-574, 2002.
  63. Ma, H.; Chen, B.; Sassa, T.; Dalton, L. R.; Jen, A. K.-Y. “Highly Efficient and Thermally Stable Nonlinear Optical Dendrimer for Electrooptics”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 123, 986–987, 2001.

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