Alliance for Pandemic Preparedness

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Tag: behavioral health impacts

April 20, 2021

Substance Use and Mental Health in Pregnant Women during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Elevated stress, depressive symptoms, and poorer mental/emotional health prior the COVID-19 pandemic were significantly associated with substance abuse during the pandemic, according to a cross-sectional online survey (n=83) conducted in April 2020.  Smith et al. (Apr 17, 2021). Substance Use and Mental Health in Pregnant Women during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology….

April 8, 2021

Incidence and Severity of Depression Among Recovered African Americans with COVID-19-Associated Respiratory Failure

44% (32 of 73) of African American patients who were admitted to the ICU and underwent invasive mechanical ventilation for COVID-19 were diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MMD) within 90 days of discharge. Patients were identified during depression screening following discharge from a hospital in Atlanta, Georgia. MDD was more frequently diagnosed in women than…

February 10, 2021

Emotion Regulation Strategies Predict PTSS During the COVID-19 Pandemic in an American Indian Population

A prospective study exploring whether emotion regulation strategies predicted later post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) related to the COVID-19 pandemic among American Indians (n=210) found that those who exhibited greater emotion regulation were less likely to develop PTSS, while those with higher expressive suppression scores were more likely to develop PTSS. These associations were independent of…

January 20, 2021

Psychological Distress in North America during COVID-19: The Role of Pandemic-Related Stressors

US and Canadian participants who reported higher baseline (early in the COVID-19 pandemic) levels of personal threat to health and to the well-being of family members reported higher levels of depressive symptoms during subsequent surveys later in the pandemic, even after controlling for baseline depressive symptoms. Secondary stressors (social isolation, financial insecurity, occupational difficulty, and…

January 13, 2021

When “Shelter-in-Place” Isn’t Shelter That’s Safe: A Rapid Analysis of Domestic Violence Case Differences during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Stay-at-Home Orders

A study using domestic violence data from Chicago found that during the COVID-19 pandemic, cases of domestic violence with arrests were 20% less likely and cases of domestic violence at residential locations were 22% more likely compared to the pre-pandemic period. During the shelter-in-place period, domestic violence cases at residential locations were 64% more likely…

November 5, 2020

Public Perceptions of the Effectiveness of Recommended Non-Pharmaceutical Intervention Behaviors to Mitigate the Spread of SARS-CoV-2

In a cross-sectional survey among US adults (n=3,474), 52.7% reported having “high” perceptions of the effectiveness of recommended behaviors against COVID-19 infection. In regression analysis, COVID-19 related worry and perceived threat to physical health were positively associated with perceived effectiveness. Adjusting for demographics, healthcare characteristics, and health beliefs, perceived severity of COVID-19 and perceived likelihood…

October 21, 2020

Suicide Deaths during the Stay-at-Home Advisory in Massachusetts

[Pre-print, not peer-reviewed] The mortality rate due to suicide in Massachusetts during the stay-at-home period (March through May, 2020) did not increase compared to a corresponding period in 2019 (0.67 vs. 0.81 per 100,000 person-month). These results are based on an observational cohort study using the Massachusetts Department of Health Registry of Vital Records and…

October 7, 2020

A Potential Impact of Physical Distancing on Physical and Mental Health. A Rapid Narrative Umbrella Review of Meta-Analyses on the Link between Social Isolation and Health

[Pre-print, not peer-reviewed] A narrative synthesis of 25 meta-analyses including 692 primary studies with more than 3 million individuals indicated that social isolation is associated with a range of poor physical and mental health outcomes, including chronic physical symptoms, frailty, coronary heart disease, malnutrition, hospital readmission, reduced vaccine uptake, early mortality, depression, social anxiety, psychosis,…

September 3, 2020

Risk Factors of Non-Adherence to Guidelines for the Prevention of COVID-19 among Young Adults with Asthma in a Region with a High Risk of a COVID-19 Outbreak

A survey of young people (age 16-24 years; n=2,372) in Mexico found 53% did not adhere to COVID-19 prevention guidelines. Among respondents with asthma, 31% did not comply with basic prevention guidelines. Among those with asthma, male sex, active smoker status, and belief that COVID-19 does not more severely affect people with asthma were associated…