Alliance for Pandemic Preparedness

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Tag: health care workers

May 13, 2021

Evaluation of Healthcare Personnel Exposures to Patients with SARS-CoV-2 Associated with Personal Protective Equipment Use

Lack of eye protection during the care of a COVID-19 patient was associated with test positivity for SARS-CoV-2 infection (RR=10) among 345 healthcare personnel (HCP) who sustained significant occupational exposure to COVID-19 patients in a tertiary care center in Minnesota from May to November 2020. While the most common reason for significant exposure was use…

May 4, 2021

Increasing Facemask Compliance among Healthcare Personnel during the COVID-19 Pandemic

In a quality improvement study, median weekly face mask compliance among healthcare personnel (HCP) in a tertiary care center in Connecticut was higher (93% vs 82%) after implementation of a multimodal intervention developed from semi-structured interviews of HCP. No difference in face mask compliance was observed between COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 units. The intervention consisted of…

April 21, 2021

The Nature and Extent of COVID-19 Vaccination Hesitancy in Healthcare Workers

The prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine hesitancy worldwide varied from 4.3% to 72% (mean 22.5%), according to an analysis of 35 studies with 76,471 healthcare workers. The main reasons survey participants gave for hesitancy were concerns about safety, efficacy, and potential side effects. Participants who were male, older, and held doctoral degrees were more likely to…

COVID-19 Outbreak Associated with a SARS-CoV-2 R.1 Lineage Variant in a Skilled Nursing Facility After Vaccination Program — Kentucky, March 2021

Unvaccinated residents and healthcare personnel (HCP) at a Kentucky skilled nursing facility had a 3 and 4.1-fold higher risk of infection compared to residents and HCP who were vaccinated with the Pfrizer-BioNTech mRNA vaccine, respectively, during a SARS-CoV-2 outbreak identified on March 1, 2021. This outbreak was with a newly-introduced variant to the region called…

March 3, 2021

Recent Changes in COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy among Healthcare Workers

[Pre-print, not peer-reviewed] The willingness of United States Healthcare workers (HCW) to receive an emergency use authorization (EUA)-approved COVID-19 vaccine increased substantially from October, 2020 to December, 2020, according to data from the Healthcare Worker Exposure Response and Outcomes (HERO) Registry. The largest gain in vaccine willingness was observed among physicians, 91% of whom said…

February 4, 2021

ARS-CoV-2 Transmission from the Healthcare Setting into the Home a Prospective Longitudinal Cohort Study

[Pre-print, not peer reviewed] In cohort study  in England (n=633), seroprevalence for antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 was higher among healthcare workers (HCWs) than the general population (18% vs 7%). Longitudinal analysis showed that seroprevalence for all immunoglobins declined over time, from overall positivity of 17% to 7% within 3 months. Seroprevalence was similar between household contacts…

February 2, 2021

Viral Sequencing Reveals US Healthcare Personnel Rarely Become Infected with SARS-CoV-2 through Patient Contact

[Pre-print, not peer reviewed] Patient to healthcare worker (HCW) transmission could be rare, according to viral sequencing of 32 SARS-CoV-2 infection clusters involving 96 HCWs in the Upper Midwest. Using 140 possible patient contacts, only 4% of HCW infections were clearly traced to a patient source. In comparison, 10% could be traced to a coworker,…

January 29, 2021

Outcomes of COVID-19 Among Hospitalized Health Care Workers in North America

Health care workers (HCWs) hospitalized with COVID-19 were less likely to require admission to an intensive care unit (aOR, 0.6; 95% CI, 0.3-0.9) and less likely to be admitted for 7 days or longer (aOR, 0.5; 95% CI, 0.3-0.8) when compared to matched non-healthcare workers in a retrospective, observational cohort involving 36 North American centers….

January 25, 2021

Assessment of U.S. Health Care Personnel (HCP) Attitudes towards COVID-19 Vaccination in a Large University Health Care System

Self-reported willingness to receive the COVID-19 vaccine differed by hospital role among US healthcare workers (n=5287), with physicians and research scientists reporting the highest acceptance (80.4%). 33.6% of registered nurses, 31.6% of allied health professionals, and 32% of master’s level clinicians were unsure if they would get the vaccine. Fewer direct care (54.0%) than non-care…

January 15, 2021

Seroprevalence and Correlates of SARS-CoV-2 Antibodies in Health Care Workers in Chicago

A study conducted among hospital workers in Illinois in May and June 2020 (n=6510) found that support service workers (10.4%), medical assistants (10.1%), and nurses (7.6%) had significantly higher prevalence of COVID-19 seropositivity than administrators (3.3%).  Among participants who had a family member in their home who tested positive for COVID-19 (n=93), 54% were seropositive….

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