Alliance for Pandemic Preparedness

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Tag: mental health personal impact

June 11, 2021

Emergency Department Visits for Suspected Suicide Attempts Among Persons Aged 12–25 Years Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic — United States, January 2019–May 2021

Emergency department visits for suspected suicide attempts were 51% higher among young females aged 12-17 between February 21 and March 20, 2021 compared to the same period in 2019, according to a review of US National Syndromic Surveillance Program data. Among young males of the same age, emergency department visits for suicide attempt were up…

June 2, 2021

Differential Effects of COVID-19 Lockdowns on Well-Being: Interaction between Age, Gender and Chronotype

A study using smartwatch data and self-reported questionnaires before and during the second COVID-19 lockdown in Israel found that participant mood, sport duration, social encounters, resting heart rate and number of steps all decreased prior to lockdown, whereas sleep duration increased (n=169). Greater declines in mood and number of steps were observed in younger participants…

May 26, 2021

Mental Health and Suicidal Ideation in US Military Veterans with Histories of COVID-19 Infection

Veterans with a history of COVID-19 were more likely to screen positive for internalizing psychiatric disorders (depression, anxiety, and/or PTSD), substance use disorders, and current suicidal ideation compared to veterans without a history of COVID-19, according to a nationally representative, prospective cohort of 3,078 US veterans. In multivariable analysis, pre-pandemic psychiatric symptom severity and COVID-related…

May 24, 2021

Suicide Behaviors during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Meta-Analysis of 54 Studies

A meta-analysis (n = 54 studies, 308,596 participants) of suicide behaviors from populations in five geopolitical regions found evidence to suggest that the rates of suicidal ideation (10.8%), suicide attempts (4.7%), and self-harm (9.6%) were elevated during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to prior years. People who were younger or female tended to experience more suicidal…

April 30, 2021

The Utility of the Pandemic Grief Scale in Identifying Functional Impairment from COVID-19 Bereavement

A cross-sectional survey of persons living in the US who lost a loved one to COVID-19 (N=1,065) validated the clinical utility of the 5-item Pandemic Grief Scale (PGS) for identifying mourners at risk of functional impairment and substance use. The authors found the PGS uniquely explained work and social difficulties attributed to a COVID-19 loss…

April 22, 2021

Hospital Admissions for Abusive Head Trauma at Children’s Hospitals During COVID-19

A retrospective analysis determined that the rate of abusive head trauma (AHT) had decreased substantially among children during the pandemic. AHT was used as a surrogate for child abuse, as the authors hypothesized that it would be more difficult for caregivers to forgo care than for non-life-threatening abuse. Mean monthly hospital admissions for AHT across…

April 20, 2021

Substance Use and Mental Health in Pregnant Women during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Elevated stress, depressive symptoms, and poorer mental/emotional health prior the COVID-19 pandemic were significantly associated with substance abuse during the pandemic, according to a cross-sectional online survey (n=83) conducted in April 2020.  Smith et al. (Apr 17, 2021). Substance Use and Mental Health in Pregnant Women during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology….

April 16, 2021

E-Cigarette Use Among Youths and Young Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic: United States, 2020

Odds of past 30-day e-cigarette use among US youth were significantly lower following widespread stay-at-home orders in mid-March 2020 compared to the pre-pandemic period (ages 15-17, OR=0.72; ages 18-20, OR=0.65), according to a weekly online cross-sectional survey (n=5,752) conducted from January to June 2020. In a subsample analysis among current e-cigarette users (n=779), reduced access…

Prescribing of Opioid Analgesics and Buprenorphine for Opioid Use Disorder During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Weekly prescriptions for opioid analgesics to new patients were at 66% of the level that would have been normally projected during the initial phase of the COVID-19 pandemic from March to May 2020, but rebounded to 100% by August, according to a cross-sectional study (>90 US million patients). Weekly prescriptions for buprenorphine for opioid use…

April 14, 2021

Suicide Trends in the Early Months of the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Interrupted Time-Series Analysis of Preliminary Data from 21 Countries

Between April – July 2020, the number of deaths by suicide in high-income (n = 16) and upper-middle-income (n = 5) countries remained largely unchanged or declined compared to pre-pandemic expected levels based on an interrupted time-series analysis using data from official government sources. Pirkis et al. (Apr 14, 2021). Suicide Trends in the Early Months…

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