Alliance for Pandemic Preparedness

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Tag: prisons

May 6, 2021

Outbreaks of Covid-19 Variants in Prisons A Mathematical Modeling Analysis of Vaccination and Re-Opening Policies

[Pre-print, not peer-reviewed] A SARS-CoV-2 transmission model calibrated to California state prisons predicts that if a viral variant is introduced in a prison with moderate vaccine coverage, and no baseline immunity that has resumed pre-2020 contact levels, 23-74% of residents could be infected over 200 days. Cumulative infections may be reduced to 2-54% if high…

April 16, 2021

SARS-CoV-2 Infection Among Correctional Staff in the Federal Bureau of Prisons

SARS-CoV-2 infections were reported by 665 Federal Bureau of Prisons (FOB) staff across 60% of institutions from March to June 2020, corresponding to a case rate of 1,767 per 100,000. Among institutions that experienced outbreaks, the staff case rate was 4,813 per 100,000. Infections among staff working in lower security prisons and detention centers that…

March 23, 2021

COVID-19 Cases Among Employees of U.S. Federal and State Prisons

The prevalence of COVID-19 infection among prison staff was estimated to be 3.2 times higher than the general U.S. population during the period of March 31, 2020 to November 4, 2020, according to an analysis of publicly available reports from the Bureau of Prisons. In 89% of jurisdictions, case burden among prison staff was greater…

March 9, 2021

Covid-19 in the California State Prison System An Observational Study of Decarceration Ongoing Risks and Risk Factors

[Pre-print, not peer-reviewed] In 9 California prisons that experienced major COVID-19 outbreaks, risk factors for SARS-CoV-2 infection included living in a dormitory vs. in a cell (2.5-fold risk) and living in a room with residents who participated in out-of-room labor vs. other rooms (1.6-fold).  By the end of the study, 18% had high COVID-19 risk…

January 20, 2021

COVID-19 within a Large Prison with High Number of Vulnerable Adults in the UK, March to June 2020: An Outbreak Investigation and Screening Event

A SARS-CoV-2 outbreak investigation in a large prison with a vulnerable population was quickly contained, with only 58 out of 1,156 residents (5%) and 129 out of 510 staff (25%) developing COVID-19 symptoms. 62% of symptomatic residents were 50 years or older, and frequently reported symptoms were cough with no fever (29%), followed by a…

November 6, 2020

Network Characteristics and Visualization of COVID-19 Outbreak in a Large Detention Facility in the United States — Cook County, Illinois, 2020

A network analysis of the movements of detained persons and staff members during an outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 in a Chicago jail found that the systematic identification and isolation of infected persons was likely effective at limiting transmission. The movement patterns and connections of 5,884 persons (65% detained persons and 35% staff members) at the jail…

October 29, 2020

COVID-19 Testing and Cases in Immigration Detention Centers, April-August 2020

COVID-19 case rates among detainees in US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) facilities increased every month from April to August, with increases only partially explained by increased testing. ICE facilities reported 5379 cumulative COVID-19 cases and 6 deaths among its detainees through August 2020. Twenty facilities (of 135) accounted for 71% of cases. The monthly…

October 27, 2020

Decarcerating Correctional Facilities during COVID-19

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine published a report of best practices for implementing decarceration (release of inmates and detainees) as a strategy to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 in correctional facilities. Recommendations include diverting individuals from incarceration by avoiding pre-trial detention and prioritization of non-custodial penalties. They advise correctional officials to work…

October 22, 2020

COVID-19 in a Correctional Facility Employee Following Multiple Brief Exposures to Persons with COVID-19 — Vermont, July–August 2020

A correctional facility officer in Vermont contracted SARS-CoV-2 after multiple brief encounters with 6 SARS-CoV-2 positive incarcerated or detained persons (IDPs) for a cumulative duration of 17 minutes. However, he did not meet the operational definition of a “close contact” in contact tracing investigations, which is being within 6 feet of infectious persons for 15…

September 21, 2020

Disparities in COVID-19 Related Mortality in U.S. Prisons and the General Population

[Pre-print, not peer reviewed] The increase in COVID-19 mortality among people in prison has outpaced the rates for the general population. Using data from the COVID Prison Project from 53 prison systems in the US, Nowotny et al. reported that from April 22 to July 15, 2020, people in prison experienced a standardized mortality rate…

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