Alliance for Pandemic Preparedness

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Tag: public health communications

January 27, 2021

A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Trust of Information and COVID-19 Preventative Practices among People with Disabilities

Survey participants with disabilities who live outside of metropolitan areas had the lowest COVID-19 information trust ratings and reported significantly less trust in most information sources when compared to people with disabilities in either metropolitan or micropolitan counties. Increased compliance with CDC guidelines was associated with being over 65, identifying as female, and higher general…

January 26, 2021

Dynamic Public Perceptions of the Coronavirus Disease Crisis, the Netherlands, 2020

Monitoring of public perceptions during the first 3 months of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Netherlands found that respondents believed the risks associated with COVID-19 to be considerable, were positive about mitigation measures, trusted in information and response from authorities, and reported widespread adoption of protective measures. Differences in perception were mostly driven by factors…

January 19, 2021

Communications in the Time of a Pandemic: The Readability of Documents for Public Consumption

A majority of COVID-19-related documents produced by the WHO, UK, US and Australian governments were shown to be at or above recommended readability levels. Though the study suggests that the included US documents (n=10) are easiest to read among all the documents, the mean Flesch Reading Ease Score of US documents was a 53.1, which…

Public’s Understanding of Swab Test Results for SARS-CoV-2: An Online Behavioural Experiment during the April 2020 Lockdown

Among 566 Italian residents, 90% reported that they considered a swab test for SARS-CoV-2 to be useful, but only 67% understood the impact of test diagnostic accuracy and infection prevalence on test predictive value. Participants underestimated the specificity and overestimated the sensitivity of the test. They also tended to overestimate the positive predictive value and…

January 12, 2021

Will They, or Won’t They? Examining Patients’ Vaccine Intention for Flu and COVID-19 Using the Health Belief Model

Lower vaccine acceptance was associated with younger age (18-49) and lower income (<20,000 per year or undisclosed) in a nationally representative survey conducted in October among US respondents (n=525). Additionally, survey participants who reported not having anyone close to them directly affected by COVID-19 showed significantly more negative COVID-19-related health behavior such as not avoiding…

January 6, 2021

Exposure to Common Geographic COVID-19 Prevalence Maps and Public Knowledge, Risk Perceptions, and Behavioral Intentions

Providing maps with COVID-19 case information did not improve public knowledge, risk perception, or reported intent to adhere to health guidelines according to results from a survey study. Participants were randomized to receive 1 of 6 maps (or no map) containing information on COVID-19 cases and scored on scales on total/per capita cases (score range…

January 4, 2021

Communicating Scientific Uncertainty in an Age of COVID-19: An Investigation into the Use of Preprints by Digital Media Outlets

An analysis of framing devices used by digital media outlets to emphasize the scientific uncertainty of COVID-19-related pre-prints (e.g., mentioning that the study was a pre-print, unreviewed, preliminary) in the early stages of the pandemic found that news outlets frequently did not identify the research they cited as pre-print research, and instead identified it as…

November 18, 2020

The Effects of Agency Assignment and Reference Point on Responses to COVID-19 Messages

When the threat of SARS-CoV2 is presented with more active language, participants report a greater degree of anger, arguing with sources, and disbelief (“negative cognition”), whereas perception of susceptibility to SARS-CoV2 infection and severity of COVID-19 disease were unchanged. In an online study with 207 participants recruited from Amazon MTurk, when SARS-CoV-2 was presented in a…

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