Alliance for Pandemic Preparedness

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Tag: public health communications

June 1, 2021

Improving COVID-19 Vaccine-Related Health Literacy and Vaccine Uptake in Patients: Comparison on the Readability of Patient Information Leaflets of Approved COVID-19 Vaccines

Patient-facing information documents for COVID-19 vaccines hosted by regulatory bodies in the US (Food and Drug Administration) and in the United Kingdom (Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Authority) were shown to have a readability score corresponding to a 7th to 8th grade level and an 8th to 9th grade level, respectively, according to the Flesch-Kincaid…

May 27, 2021

Accessibility and Usability of State Health Department COVID-19 Vaccine Websites

A qualitative evaluation of each US state’s department of health website content for vaccine eligibility and availability conducted in February 2021 found that of the 47 states providing eligibility information, 57% did not support eligibility verification, and 83% presented eligibility information at a post-high school reading level. Only half of all states provided web-based appointment…

April 16, 2021

Safely Social: Promoting and Sustaining Adolescent Engagement in Social Distancing During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Adolescents motivated by preventing others from getting sick were more likely to engage in physical distancing to prevent SARS-CoV-2 transmission, according to over 6,000 assessments from a national sample of US adolescents (n=444, aged 13-18 years). Daily social support from friends, connectedness with friends via technology, and practical knowledge on preventing transmission of SARS-CoV-2 predicted…

April 15, 2021

U.S. COVID-19 State Government Public Dashboards: An Expert Review

Most COVID-19 state government public dashboards displayed similar metrics and largely aligned with CDC goals, according to an expert review. Data generally included total deaths, total cases, new cases, laboratory tests, and hospitalization, but aggregation and stratification of these metrics varied greatly across dashboards. 96% had some interactive functionality such as tooltips, zooming, or data…

April 6, 2021

Assessment of the Effectiveness of Identity-Based Public Health Announcements in Increasing the Likelihood of Complying with COVID-19 Guidelines: An Online Experiment

Public Service Announcements (PSA) tailored to match the identity of the viewer increase the likelihood that the viewer reported a willingness to comply with mask-use and stay-at-home policies. In this cross-sectional online experiment of Amazon Mechanical Turk workers (n=292), a PSA tailored for Christians when matched with a Christian identity increased likelihood of reported compliance…

March 30, 2021

People Perceive Themselves to Adhere More Strictly to COVID-19 Guidelines than Others

Participants reported that their own adherence to COVID-19 guidelines was better than both their friends and the average citizen in an online survey from the UK, US, Germany, and Sweden (n=1,102) in April 2020. Participants reported higher self-compliance to guidelines such as handwashing, physical distancing, staying at home, and self-quarantining when sick. Though participants rated…

March 16, 2021

Which Beliefs Predict Intention to Get Vaccinated against COVID-19? A Mixed-Methods Reasoned Action Approach Applied to Health Communication

Key themes that drive COVID-19 vaccination intentions including protecting oneself from COVID-19 infection, protecting those who are at risk for severe illness, and having to travel to receive the vaccine, based on an open-ended belief elicitation survey (n=197) conducted in the US. In a quantitative survey informed by qualitative findings, intent to receive the vaccine…

March 12, 2021

The Association of COVID-19 Risk Perception, County Death Rates, and Voluntary Health Behaviors among U.S. Adult Population

Analysis of an online survey (n=672 participants) across multiple US states found that participants living in counties with high COVID-19 death rates (>17 deaths per 100,000) had a higher risk perception compared to participants living in counties with a low county death rates (≤5 deaths per 100,000). No difference was observed in overall COVID-19 risk…

February 11, 2021

Information About COVID-19 Testing on College Websites in the New York City Metropolitan Area

A cross-sectional study of 150 community colleges and universities in the New York City metropolitan area found that institutes of higher education did not provide information on COVID-19 uniformly or comprehensively. 83% of institutions reported testing data to the campus community, of which 63% released the data bi-weekly. Larger institutions (>10,000 students) were more likely…

February 2, 2021

Promoting Mask Use on TikTok: A Descriptive Study on Unconventional Approach to Public Health Education

Videos promoting mask use posted on the social media platform TikTok with the hashtag #WearAMask (n=100) received almost 10 times as many cumulative views as videos by the World Health Organization (WHO) to promote mask use (n=32). Most of the #WearAMask videos used humor and dance to garner almost 500 million views. In contrast, the…

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