Alliance for Pandemic Preparedness

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Topic: Mental Health and Personal Impact

June 15, 2021

SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Associated Rates of Diabetic Ketoacidosis in a New York City Emergency Department

Emergency department (ED) visits resulting in a diagnosis for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) during early COVID-19 pandemic period of March to May 2020 were 70% higher than in the same period in 2019 in New York City (214 vs 106 diagnoses) according to an analysis of ED data extracted for routine quality review. By contrast, Total…

June 11, 2021

Emergency Department Visits for Suspected Suicide Attempts Among Persons Aged 12–25 Years Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic — United States, January 2019–May 2021

Emergency department visits for suspected suicide attempts were 51% higher among young females aged 12-17 between February 21 and March 20, 2021 compared to the same period in 2019, according to a review of US National Syndromic Surveillance Program data. Among young males of the same age, emergency department visits for suicide attempt were up…

June 8, 2021

Calculating the Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Child Abuse and Neglect in the U.S.

An estimated 60,791 fewer average monthly investigations of child abuse and neglect (CAN) were observed in New York City, New Jersey, Wisconsin and Florida after the pandemic began, according to an analysis of administrative child welfare data in the 4 jurisdictions from January 2013 to December 2020. The corresponding potential lifetime economic impact was estimated…

June 4, 2021

Identifying the Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Service Access for People Who Use Drugs (PWUD): A National Qualitative Study

A qualitative study of 196 Canadian adults who use psychoactive substances or were enrolled in opioid agonist treatment found that most participants experienced disruptions in service access and treatment disruptions during 2020. Disrupted services included harm reduction services, withdrawal treatment, medical treatment, mental health care, shelters/housing, and food banks. The reduced access to services resulted…

June 2, 2021

Differential Effects of COVID-19 Lockdowns on Well-Being: Interaction between Age, Gender and Chronotype

A study using smartwatch data and self-reported questionnaires before and during the second COVID-19 lockdown in Israel found that participant mood, sport duration, social encounters, resting heart rate and number of steps all decreased prior to lockdown, whereas sleep duration increased (n=169). Greater declines in mood and number of steps were observed in younger participants…

May 26, 2021

Mental Health and Suicidal Ideation in US Military Veterans with Histories of COVID-19 Infection

Veterans with a history of COVID-19 were more likely to screen positive for internalizing psychiatric disorders (depression, anxiety, and/or PTSD), substance use disorders, and current suicidal ideation compared to veterans without a history of COVID-19, according to a nationally representative, prospective cohort of 3,078 US veterans. In multivariable analysis, pre-pandemic psychiatric symptom severity and COVID-related…

May 24, 2021

Suicide Behaviors during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Meta-Analysis of 54 Studies

A meta-analysis (n = 54 studies, 308,596 participants) of suicide behaviors from populations in five geopolitical regions found evidence to suggest that the rates of suicidal ideation (10.8%), suicide attempts (4.7%), and self-harm (9.6%) were elevated during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to prior years. People who were younger or female tended to experience more suicidal…

May 17, 2021

Psychological Distress, Persistent Physical Symptoms, and Perceived Recovery After COVID-19 Illness

Patients experiencing COVID-19-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression had a higher burden of persistent physical symptoms and were less likely to report feeling recovered 3 months after illness onset, according to a study of adults hospitalized between March 26 and May 27, 2020 in New York. Thirty-six percent of patients reported full recovery from…

May 14, 2021

Trajectories of Child Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic in a Longitudinal UK Cohort

[Pre-print, not peer-reviewed] Emotional and behavioral difficulties decreased at a slower rate during the COVID-19 pandemic among young children in the UK (N=708) in a longitudinal birth-cohort study. In pre-pandemic times, predicted trajectories of difficulties peaked at age 2 and declined over the rest of early childhood. During the pandemic, the rate of decline was…

May 3, 2021

US Pediatric Emergency Department Visits for Mental Health Conditions During the COVID-19 Pandemic

A study of pediatric emergency department (ED) mental health (MH) visits found that although the mean number of monthly visits significantly decreased during the COVID-19 pandemic (from 339 to 261 visits per month), the proportion of ED visits for MH conditions significantly increased (from 4.0% to 5.7%). Data were collected from electronic medical records of…

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