LAB PUBLICATIONS SINCE 2011  [Updated September 2022]

In Press

Bassing, S., DeVivo, M., Ganz, T., Kertson, B., Prugh, L.R., Roussin, T., Satterfield, L., Windell, B. Wirsing, A.J., and Gardner, B. 2022. Are we telling the same story? Comparing inferences made from camera trap and telemetry data for wildlife monitoring. Accepted at Ecological Applications.

Sytsma, M.,  Lewis, T., Gardner, B., and Prugh, L.  Low levels of outdoor recreation alter wildlife behavior. Accepted at People and Nature.


Gardner, B., McClintock, B.T., Converse, S.J. and Hostetter, N.J. 2022. Integrated animal movement and spatial capture-recapture models: simulation, implementation, and inference. Ecology.

Sanderfoot, O.V., Kaufman, J.D., and Gardner, B. 2022. Drivers of avian habitat use and detection of backyard birds in the Pacific Northwest during COVID-19 pandemic lockdowns. Scientific Reports. 12, 12655.


Amburgey, S.M., Yackel Adams, A.A., Gardner, B., Lardner, B., Knox, A.J., and Converse, S.J. Tools for increasing visual encounter probabilities for invasive species removal: a case study of brown treesnakes. Neobiota. 70: 107-122.

Meeker, A.L., Marzluff, J.M. and Gardner, B. 2021. Historical avifaunal change and current effects of hiking and road use on avian occupancy in a high-latitude tundra ecosystem. Ibis.

Sanderfoot, O.V., Bassing, S.B., Brusa, J.L., Emmet, R.L., Gillman, S.J., Swift, K., and Gardner, B. 2021. A review of the effects of wildfire smoke on the health and behavior of wildlife. Environmental Research Letters. 16: 123003

Emmet, R., Augustine, B., Abrahms, B., Rich, L.N., and Gardner, B. 2021 A spatial capture-recapture model for group-living species. Ecology. 00( 00):e03576. 10.1002/ecy.3576

Sanderfoot, O.V. and Gardner, B. 2021. Wildfire smoke affects detection of birds in Washington State. Ornithological Applications. 123(3).

McClintock, B.T., Abrahms, B., Chandler, R.B., Conn, P.B., Converse, S.J., Emmet, R., Gardner, B., Hostetter, N.J., and Johnson, D.S. 2021. An integrated path for spatial capture-recapture and animal movement modeling. Ecology. 00( 00):e03473. 10.1002/ecy.3473

Emmet, R., Long, R., and Gardner, B. 2021. Modeling multi-scale occupancy for monitoring rare and highly mobile species. Ecosphere. 12( 7):e03637. 10.1002/ecs2.3637

Amburgey, S.M., Yackel Adams, A.A., Gardner, B., Hostetter, N.J., Siers, S.R., McClintock, B.T., and Converse, S.J.  2021.Evaluation of camera trap-based abundance estimators for unmarked populations. Ecological Applications.  00:e02410


Kumar, N. S., Karanth, K. U., Nichols, J.D., Vaidyanathan, S., Gardner, B. and Krishnaswamy, J. 2020. Spatial Dynamics and Ecology of Large Ungulate Populations in Tropical Forests of India. Springer Nature, Singapore Pgs. 195.

Converse, S.J., Gardner, B., and  Morey, S.. 2020. Reserve network design for prairie-dependent taxa in South Puget Sound. Pages 124-134 in MC Runge, SJ Converse, JE Lyons, and DR Smith. Structured decision making: case studies in natural resource management. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Richardson, A.D., Kroeger, A.J.,Moorman, C.E., Harper, C.A., Gardner, B., Jones, M.D., Strope, B.M. 2020.Nesting ecology of Northern Bobwhite on working farms. Wildlife Society Bulletin. doi:10.1002/wsb.1125

Hostetter, N.J., Ryan, D., Grosshuesch, D. , Catton, T., Malick-Wahls, S., Smith, T.A., and Gardner, B. 2020. Quantifying spatiotemporal occupancy dynamics and multi-year core use areas at a species range boundary. Diversity and Distributions.


Cove. M., Simons, T.R., Gardner, B., and O’Connell, A.F.  2019. Towards recovery of an endangered island endemic: distributional and behavioral responses of Key Largo woodrats to exotic predator removal. Biological Conservation. 237:423-429.

Hostetter, N.J., Gardner, B., Sillett, T.S., Pollock, K.H., and Simons, T.R.  2019. An integrated model decomposing the components of detection probability and abundance in unmarked populations. Ecosphere. (3):e02586. 10.1002/ecs2.2586

Parsons, M.A., Lewis, J.C., Gardner, B., Chestnut, T., Ransom, J.I., Werntz, D., and Prugh, L.R.  2019. Habitat selection and spatiotemporal interactions of a reintroduced mesocarnivore.  Journal of Wildlife Management. 83:117-1184.

Sussman, A., Gardner, B., Adams, E., Salas, L., Kenow, K., Luukkonen, D., Monfils, M., Mueller, W., Williams, K., Leduc-Lapierre, M., Zipkin, E.F.  2019. A comparative analysis of common methods to identify waterbird hotspots. Methods in Ecology and Evolution. 10:1454-1468.  


Gardner, B., Sollmann, R., Kumar, N.S.,  Jathanna, D. and Karant, K.U. 2018. State-space and movement specification in open population spatial capture-recapture models.  Ecology and Evolution. 8:10336–10344.

Cove. M., Simons, T.R., Gardner, B., and O’Connell, A.F. Co-occurrence dynamics of endangered Lower Keys marsh rabbits and free ranging domestic cats. Ecology and Evolution. 8:4042-4052.

Lashley, M.A., Cove, M.V., Chitwood, M.C., Penido, G., Gardner, B., Deperno, C.S., and Moorman, C.E. Estimating wildlife activity curves: comparison of methods and sample size. Scientific Reports. 8:4173.

Goyert, H.F., Gardner, B., Veit, R.R., Gilbert, A.T., Connelly, E.E., Duron, M., Johnson, S., and Williams, K. A.  Evaluating habitat, prey, and mesopredator associations in a community of marine birds. ICES Journal of Marine Science. doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsy020

Hostetter, N.J., Gardner, B., Evans, A., Cramer, B., Payton, Q., Collis, K., Roby, D. 2017.  Wanted dead or alive: A state-space mark-recapture recovery model incorporating multiple recovery types and state uncertainty. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 75(7): 1117-1127.

Cove. M., Gardner, B., Simons, T.R., Kays, R., and O’Connell, A.F. 2017. Free-ranging domestic cats (Felis catus) on public lands: estimating density, activity, and diet in the Florida Keys.  Biological Invasions.  20: 333.

Cove, M.V., Simons, T.R., Gardner, B., Mauer, A.S., and O’Connell, A.F.  2017. Evaluating nest supplementation as a recovery strategy for the endangered rodents of the Florida Keys. Restoration Ecology. 25:253-260.

Mannocci, L.,  Boustany, A., Roberts, J., Palacios, D., Dunn, D., Halpin, P., Viehman, S., Moxley, J., Cleary, J., Bailey, H., Bograd, S., Becker, E., Gardner, B., Hartog, J., Hazen, E., Ferguson, M., Forney, K., Kinlan, B., Oliver, M., Perretti, C., Ridoux, V., Teo, S., and Winship, A. Temporal resolutions in species distribution models of highly mobile marine animals: Recommendations for ecologists and managers.  Diversity and Distributions. 23:1098-1109.

Pacifici, K., Reich, B. J., Miller, D.A.W., Gardner, B., Stauffer, G., Singh, S., McKerrow, A., and Collazo, J.A.  2017. Integrating multiple data sources in species distribution modeling: a framework for data fusion. Ecology. 98:840-850.

Sollmann, R.,  Mohamed, A., Niedballa, J., Bender, J., Ambu, L., Lagan, P.,  Sam Mannan, S., Langner, A., Gardner, B., Wilting, A. 2017. Quantifying mammal biodiversity co-benefits in certified tropical forests.   Diversity and Distributions. 23, 317–328.

Balderama, E., Gardner, B., Reich, B.J. 2016. A spatial-temporal double-hurdle model for extremely over-dispersed avian count data. Spatial Statistics. 18:263-275.

Gardner, B., Garner, L., Cobb, D.T., and Moorman, C.E. In Press. Factors affecting occupancy and abundance of the American Alligator at the northern extent of its range. Journal of Herpetology. 50:541-547.

Goyert, H.F., Gardner, B., Sollmann, R., Veit, R.R., Gilbert, A.T., Connelly, E.E., Williams, K. A. 2016. Predicting the offshore distribution and abundance of marine birds with a hierarchical community distance sampling model. Ecological Applications. 26:1797-1815.

Marzluff, J.M., DeLap, J, Oleyar, M.D., Whittaker, K., and Gardner, B. 2016. Breeding dispersal by birds in a dynamic urban ecosystem. PloSOne. 11(12):e0167829.

Rodriguez, S.L., Chitwood, M.C., Peterson, M.N., Jensen, C., Gardner, B., and Hansen, H.P. 2016. Gender differences in hunter recruitment and dedication in Denmark. Wildlife Biology in Practice. 12:43-53.

Sollmann, R., Gardner, B., Gilbert, A. T., Williams, K., Viet, R.R. 2016. A hierarchical distance sampling model to estimate abundance and covariate associations of species and communities. Methods in Ecology and Evolution. 7:529-537.

Sollmann, R., Gardner, B., Belant, J.L., Wilton, C.M., Beringer, J. 2016. Habitat associations in a recolonizing, low-density black bear population. Ecosphere. 7(8):e01406 1-11.

Adkins, J.Y., D.E. Lyons, P.J. Loschl, D.D. Roby, K. Collis, A.F. Evans, and N.J. Hostetter. 2015. Demographics of piscivorous colonial waterbirds and management implications for ESA-listed salmonids on the Columbia Plateau. Northwest Science. 88(4):344-359.

Bozarth, C.A., Gardner, B., Rockwood, L.L., and Maldonado, J.E. 2015. Using fecal DNA and spatial capture-recapture to characterize a recent coyote colonization. Northeastern Naturalist. 22(1):144-162.

Flanders, N.P., Gardner, B., Winiarski, K.J., Paton, P.W.C., Allison, T., and O’Connell, A.F. 2015. Key seabird areas in southern New England identified using a community occupancy model. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 533:277-290

Goyert, H.F. 2015. Foraging specificity and prey utilization: evaluating social and memory-based strategies in seabirds. Behaviour, 152: 861-895.

Henry, E.H., Haddad, N.M., Wilson, J., Hughes, P., and Gardner, B. 2015. Point-count methods to monitor butterfly populations when traditional methods fail: a case study with Miami blue butterfly. Journal of Insect Conservation, 1-11.

Hostetter, N.J., B. Gardner, S.H. Schweitzer, R. Boettcher, A.L. Wilke, L. Addison, W.R. Swilling, K.H. Pollock, and T.R. Simons. 2015. Repeated count surveys help standardize multi-agency estimates of American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus) abundance. The Condor: Ornithological Applications. 117(3): 354-363.

Hostetter, N. J., A. F. Evans, B. M. Cramer, K. Collis, D. E. Lyons, and D. D. Roby. 2015. Quantifying avian predation on fish populations: Integrating predator-specific deposition probabilities in tag recovery studies. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 144(2):410–422.

Mollet, P., Kéry, M., Pasinelli, G., Royle, J. A., Gardner, B. 2015. Population size estimation for capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus L.) using DNA-based individual recognition and spatial capture-recapture models. PlosOne. 10(6): e0129020.

Sollmann, R., Gardner, B., Chandler, R.B., Royle, J.A., and Sillett, S. 2015. An open population hierarchical distance sampling model. Ecology, 96:325-331.

Sollmann, R., White, A.M., Gardner, B., and Manley, P.N. 2015. Investigating the effects of forest structure on the small mammal community in the Sierra Nevada using capture-recapture models for stratified populations. Mammalia Biology. 80: 247-254.

Royle, J. A., Chandler, R. B., Sollmann, R. and Gardner, B. 2014. Spatial Capture-Recapture. Academic Press, Waltham MA, USA. pp. 576.

Ancrenaz, M., Sollmann, R., Meijaard, E., Hearn, A.J., Ross, J., et al. 2014. Coming down from the trees: Is terrestrial activity in Bornean orangutans natural or disturbance driven? Scientific Reports. 4: 4024.

Botero, C.A., Gardner, B., Kirby, K.R., Bulbulia, J., Gavin, M.C., and Gray, R.D. 2014. The ecology of religious beliefs. PNAS. 111(47): 16784-16789.

Bowling, S. A., Moorman, C.E., DePerno, C.S., and Gardner, B. 2014. Influence of landscape composition on Northern Bobwhite population response to field border establishment. Journal of Wildlife Management. 78(1):93-100

Carrillo-Rubio, E., Kéry, M., Morreale, S.J.,Gardner, B., Sullivan, P. J., Cooch, E.G., and Lassoie, J.P. 2014. Use of Multispecies Occupancy Models to Evaluate the Response of Bird Communities to Forest Degradation Associated with Logging. Conservation Biology. 28: 1034–1044. doi: 10.1111/cobi.12261

Cove, M. V., R. M. Spinola, V. L. Jackson, and J. C. Saenz. 2014. The role of fragmentation and landscape changes in the ecological release of common nest predators in the Neotropics. PeerJ 2:e464; DOI 10.7717/peerj.464.

Dunn, D.C., Boustany, A. M., Roberts, J.J., Brazer, E., Sanderson, M., Gardner, B. and Halpin, P.N. 2014. Empirical move-on rules to inform fishing strategies: a New England case study. Fish and Fisheries. 15: 359–375. doi: 10.1111/faf.12019

Ergon, T. and Gardner, B. 2014. Separating mortality and emigration: modelling space use,dispersal, and survival with robust design spatial capture-recapture data. Methods in Ecology and Evolution. 5(12):1327-1336.

Evans, A. F., N. J. Hostetter, K. Collis, D. D. Roby, and F. J. Loge. 2014. Relationship between juvenile fish condition and survival to adulthood in steelhead. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 143(4):899–909.

Goyert, H.F. 2014. Relationship among prey availability, habitat, and the foraging behavior, distribution, and abundance of common terns Sterna hirundo and roseate terns S. Dougallii. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 506:291-302

Goyert, H.F., Manne, L.L., Veit, R.R. 2014 Facilitative interactions among the pelagic community of temperate migratory terns, tunas and dolphins. Oikos. DOI: 10.1111/oik.00814

Martin, J., Edwards, H.H., Bled, F., Fonnesbeck, C., Dupuis, J.A., Gardner, B., Koslovsky, S. M., Ward-Geiger,L. I., Carmichael, R.H., Fagan, D.E., Ross, M.A., Aven, A.M., and Royle, J.A. 2014. Estimating Upper Bounds for Occupancy and Number of Manatees in Areas Potentially Affected by Oil from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. PLoS ONE 9(3): e91683. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0091683

Prince, A. P., C. S. DePerno, B. Gardner, and C. E. Moorman. 2014. Survival and home range size of southeastern fox squirrels in North Carolina. Southeastern Naturalist. 13(3) 456-462.

Raabe, J. K., Gardner, B. and Hightower, J. E. 2014. A spatial capture – recapture model to estimate fish survival and migration patterns from linear telemetry arrays. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 71(1):120-130.

Reich, B.J. and Gardner, B. 2014. A spatial capture-recapture model for territorial species. Environmentrics. 25(8): 630-637.

Rich, L.N., Kelly, M.J., Sollmann, R., Noss, A.J., Maffei, L., Arispe, R.L., Paviolo, A., De Angelo, C.D., Di Blanco, Y.E., Di Bitetti, M.S. 2014. Comparing capture-recapture, mark-resight and spatial mark-resight models for estimating puma densities via camera traps. Journal of Mammalogy, 95:382-391.

Roques, S., Furtado, M.M., Jacomo, A.T.A., Silveira, L., Sollmann, R., Torres, N.M., Godoy, J., Palomares, F. 2014. Monitoring jaguar populations (Panthera onca) with noninvasive genetics: a pilot study in Brazilian ecosystems. Oryx, 48:361-369.

Silveira, L., R. Sollmann, A. T. A. Jácomo, J. A. F. D. Filho, and N. M. Tôrres. 2014. The potential for large-scale wildlife corridors between protected areas in Brazil using the jaguar as a model species. Landscape Ecology. 29:1213–1223.

Sollmann, R., Linkie, M., Haidir, I., Macdonald, D. Bringing clarity to the clouded leopard: First density estimates from Sumatra. Oryx, DOI:

Wilton, C.M., Puckett, E.E., Beringer, J., Gardner, B., Eggert, L.S., and Belant, J.L. 2014. Trap array configuration influences estimates and precision of black bear density and abundance. PLoS ONE 9(10): e111257. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0111257

Bolker, B., Gardner, B., Maunder, M., Berg, C., Brooks, M., Comita, L., Crone, E., Cubaynes, S., Davies, T., de Valpine, P., Ford, J., Gimenez, O., Kéry, M., Kim, E., Lennert-Cody, C., Magnusson, A., Martell, S. Nash, J., Nielsen, A., Regetz, J., Skaug, H., Zipkin, E. 2013. Strategies for fitting nonlinear ecological models in R, AD Model Builder, and BUGS.  Methods in Ecology and Evolution. 4(6):501-512.

Chen, G., Kéry, M., Plattner, M., Ma, K. and Gardner, B. 2013. Imperfect detection is the rule rather than the exception in plant distribution studies. Journal of Ecology. 101:183-191.

Cove, M. V., L. Pardo, J. C. de la Cruz, V. L. Jackson, J. C. Saenz, O. Chassot, and R. M. Spínola. 2013. Factors influencing the occurrence of the endangered Baird’s tapir Tapirus bairdii: potential flagship species for a Costa Rican biological corridor. Oryx 48 (3): 402-409.

Cove, M. V., R. M. Spínola, V. L. Jackson, J. C. Saenz, and O. Chassot. 2013. Integrating occupancy modeling and camera-trap data to estimate medium and large mammal detection and richness in a Central American biological corridor. Tropical Conservation Science 6 (6): 781-795.

Cove, M. V., and R. M. Spínola. 2013. Pairing noninvasive surveys with capture-recapture analysis to estimate demographic parameters for Dendrobates auratus (Anura: Dendrobatidae) from an altered habitat in Costa Rica. Phyllomedusa: Journal of Herpetology 12 (2): 107-115.

Jácomo, A. T. A., M. M. Furtado, C. K. Kashivakura, J. Marinho-Filho, R. Sollmann, N. M. Tôrres, and L. Silveira. 2013. White-lipped peccary home-range size in a protected area and farmland in the central Brazilian grasslands. Journal of Mammalogy, 94(1):137-145., doi:

Mattsson B.J., Zipkin E.F., Gardner B., Blank P.J., Sauer J.R., and Royle, J.A. 2013. Explaining Local-Scale Species Distributions: Relative Contributions of Spatial Autocorrelation and Landscape Heterogeneity for an Avian Assemblage. PLoS ONE. 8(2): e55097. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0055097

McGowan, C.P., and Gardner, B. 2013. Evaluating methodological assumptions of catch-curve survival estimation for un-marked precocial shorebird chicks. Waterbirds. 36(1): 82-87.

Mohamed, A., Sollmann, R., Bernard, H., Ambu, L. N., Lagan, P., Mannan, S., Hofer, H., Wilting, A. 2013. Density and habitat use of the leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) in three commercial forest reserves in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. Journal of Mammalogy, 94(1):82-89.

Moorman, C.E., Plush, C. J., Orr, D. B., Reberg-Horton, C., and Gardner, B. 2013. Small mammal use of field borders planted as beneficial insect habitat. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 37(1):209-215.

Sollmann, R., Gardner, B., Chandler, R.B., Shindle, D.B., Onorato, D.P., Royle, J.A. , O’Connell, A.F. 2013. Using multiple data sources provides density estimates for endangered Florida panther. Journal of Applied Ecology. 50(4):961-968.

Sollmann, R., Gardner, B., Parsons, A.W., Stocking, J.J., McClintock, B.T., Simons, T.R., Pollock, K.H., and O’Connell, A.F. 2013. A spatial mark-resight model augmented with telemetry data. Ecology. 94:553-559.

Sollmann, R., Tôrres, N.M., Furtado, M.M., de Almeida Jácomo, A.T., Palomares, F., Roques, S., Silveira, L., 2013. Combining camera-trapping and noninvasive genetic data in a spatial capture–recapture framework improves density estimates for the jaguar. Biological Conservation 167, 242–247.

Sunarto, Sollmann, R., Mohamed, A., Kelly, M.J. 2013. Camera trapping for the study and conservation of tropical carnivores. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement No. 28: 21-42.

Cove, M. V., Niva, L. M., and Jackson, V.L. .2012.Use of probability of detection when conducting analyses of surveys of mesopredators: A Case Study from the Ozark Highlands of Missouri. The Southwestern Naturalist 57 (3): 258-262.

Cove M. V., Jones, B.M., Bossert, A.J., Clever JR., D.R., Dunwoody, R.K., White, B.C., and Jackson, V.L. .2012. Use of camera traps to examine the mesopredator release hypothesis in a fragmented Midwestern landscape. American Midland Naturalist.168 (2): 456-465.

Martin, J., Edwards, H.H., Burgess, M.A., Pervival, H.F., Fagan, D.E., Gardner, B., Ortega-Ortiz, J.G., Ifju, P.G., Evers, B.S., and Rambo, T.J. 2012. Estimating distribution of hidden objects with drones: from tennis balls to manatees. PLoSONE. 7(6): e38882. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.00388

Noss, A.J., Gardner, B., Maffei, L., Cuéllar, R., Montano, R., Romero-Munoz, A., Sollmann, R. and O’ Connell, A.F. 2012. Assessment of density estimation methods for animal populations with camera traps in the Kaa-Iya del Gran Chaco landscape. Animal Conservation. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-1795.2012.00545.x

Sollmann, R., Gardner, B. and Belant, J.L. 2012. How does spatial study design affect density estimates from spatial capture-recapture models? PLoSONE 7(4): e34575. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0034575

Wegan, M.T., Curtis, P.D., Rainbolt, R.E., and Gardner, B. 2012. Temporal sampling frame selection in DNA-based capture mark-recapture investigations. Ursus 23(1):42–51.

Wilting, A., A. Mohamed, L. N. Ambu, P. Lagan, S. Mannan, H. Hofer, and R. Sollmann. 2012. Density of the Vulnerable Sunda clouded leopard Neofelis diardi in two commercial forest reserves in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. Oryx 46:423–426.

Wilting, A., R. Sollmann, E. Meijaard, K. M. Helgen, and J. Fickel. 2012. Mentawai’s endemic, relictual fauna: is it evidence for Pleistocene extinctions on Sumatra? Journal of Biogeography 39:1608–1620.

Golovin, D., Krause, A., Gardner, B., Converse, S.J., and Morey, S. 2011. Dynamic resource allocation in conservation planning. Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI-11
*Winner of the Outstanding Paper Award

Kéry, M., Gardner, B., Stoeckle, T., Weber, D., and Royle, J.A. 2011. Spatial capture-recapture density estimation using DNA-sampled data in rare and elusive animals. Conservation Biology, 25(2): 356-364.

Martin, J., Royle, J.A., Mackenzie, D.I., Edwards, H.H., Kéry, M, and Gardner, B. 2011. Accounting for non independent detection when estimating abundance of organisms with a Bayesian Approach. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 2: 595–601.

Oppel, S., Meirinho, A., Ramírez, I., Gardner, B., O’Connell, A.F., Louzao, M. 2011. Comparison of five modelling techniques to predict the spatial distribution and abundance of seabirds. Biological Conservation.

Reppucci J., Gardner, B., and Lucherini, M. 2011. Estimating detection and density of the Andean cat in the high Andes. Journal of Mammalogy. 92(1):140-147.

Royle, J. A., Magoun, A.J., Gardner, B., Valkenburg, P., and Lowell, R.E. 2011. Density estimation in a wolverine population using spatial capture-recapture models. Journal of Wildlife Management, 75(3):604-611.

Saracco, J.F., Royle, J.A., DeSante, D.F., and Gardner, B. 2011. Spatial modeling of survival and residency and application to the Monitoring Avian Productivity and Survivorship (MAPS) program. Journal of Ornithology. DOI 10.1007/s10336-010-0565-1

Sollmann, R., Furtado, M.M., Gardner, B., Hofer, H., Jácomo, A.T.A., Tôrres, N.M., and Silveira, L. 2011. Sex matters: Estimating jaguar density in central Brazil accounting for gender-specific detection and movement using spatially explicit capture-recapture models. Biological Conservation, 144(3):1017-1024.