Diabetes News You Can Use
Shift workers at increased risk of type 2 diabetes, study finds
A study in Diabetes Care showed that regardless of genetic predisposition, adults who frequently do shift work, especially at night, were at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, compared with those who do not have shift work. Researchers evaluated data from the UK Biobank database involving 270,000 people and found that those who worked rotating or irregular shifts had a 44% higher diabetes risk.
Diabetes (UK) (2/13)
Obesity-related illnesses accounting for growing share of health spending
The proportion of medical spending attributed to obesity-related illness in adults in the US rose from 6.13% in 2001 to 7.91% in 2015 and varied from state to state, researchers reported in the journal Clinical Chemistry. Obesity-related illnesses accounted for 5% to 6% of total medical expenditures in Arizona, California, Florida and New York, and more than 12% in North Carolina, Ohio and Wisconsin, the researchers reported.
Reduced insulin production in diabetes tied to granule docking, study finds
A study in the journal Cell Metabolism showed that a reduction in glucose-dependent granule docking is associated with impaired insulin secretion among patients with type 2 diabetes. Researchers compared the beta cells of patients with and without diabetes and found that diabetes patients’ beta cells had a defect in the attachment of insulin vesicles to the cell membrane, which is attributed to a reduced number of proteins responsible for these attachments.
Diabetes (UK) (2/8)
Metabolic surgery can help prevent microvascular complications in diabetes
Patients with type 2 diabetes patients and obesity who underwent metabolic surgery had a significantly lower incidence of microvascular complications, compared with those who received usual medical treatment, according to a study in the British Journal of Surgery. German researchers conducted a literature review of 10 studies involving 17,532 patients and found surgery also improved pre-existing diabetic nephropathy better than medical treatment.
Adult-onset autoimmune diabetes tied to impaired whole-body insulin sensitivity
A German study in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism showed that patients with recently diagnosed adult-onset autoimmune diabetes had similar insulin sensitivity rates with those with type 1 diabetes and healthy controls but significantly higher than type 2 diabetes patients, as well as beta-cell function higher than type 1 diabetes patients but lower than those with type 2 diabetes and controls.