Diabetes News You Can Use
Research shows decline in rates of CVD hospitalization in diabetes
A study in Diabetes Care showed significant declines in age-adjusted hospitalization rates for acute coronary syndrome, ischemic stroke, cardiac dysrhythmia, hemorrhagic stroke and heart failure among individuals with diabetes from 1998 to 2014. Researchers analyzed data from the National Inpatient Sample involving adults ages 35 and older and found that those without diabetes also showed significant declines in hospitalization rates for these conditions, except for cardiac dysrhythmia.
Oral insulin not tied to diabetes prevention, study finds
A study in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that giving 7.5 mg of oral insulin daily to relatives of type 1 diabetes patients did not prevent them from developing the disease, compared with those on placebo. Researchers analyzed data from 389 individuals, 57.6% of whom had a sibling with diabetes, and did find that type 1 diabetes developed later among a subgroup of patients with autoantibodies and low insulin secretion who took oral insulin compared with those who took a placebo.
Medscape (free registration) (11/21)
Study looks at antidiabetes drug prescribing trends in the US
The use of metformin as a first-line therapy among type 2 diabetes patients increased from 60%of patients in 2005 to 77% in 2016, while use of sulfonylureas declined from 20% to 8% and insulin use rose from 8% to 10%, according to a study in Diabetes Care. Researchers evaluated data on 1,023,340 adults from the US Centricity Electronic Medical Records and found that 48% of those who used metformin as a first-line therapy had initiated a second treatment at a mean A1C of 8.4%.
“Biggest Losers” keep weight off with lots of exercise
A study of 14 people who took part in “The Biggest Loser” TV show found
those who were able to maintain their significant weight loss averaged 80
minutes per day of moderate exercise or 35 minutes of vigorous exercise,
researchers reported in the journal Obesity and at the Obesity Society’s annual
meeting. The study found the dieters had a significantly lower metabolism and
those who exercised were able to better maintain their weight loss.
Bariatric surgery tied to better health outcomes in diabetes, study finds
Researchers found that bariatric surgery among type 2 diabetes patients with class I and II
obesity led to an 89% diabetes remission rate and reductions in A1C from 7.1%
at baseline to 5.8%, number of diabetes medications from baseline 0.7 agents to
0.2 agents and fasting blood glucose from baseline 94.6 mg/dL to 129.4 mg/dL.
The findings, presented at ObesityWeek and based on 35 diabetes patients,
revealed that bariatric surgery also resulted in mean body mass index
reductions of 7 kg/m2 and median excess weight loss of 55% after an average of