This selection of scientific
papers and books presents an overview of factors that affect the health of
a population, concentrating on income distribution, which has been found
to be perhaps the most significant component when considering health as measured
by life expectancy or infant mortality. Income distribution acts as a summary
of contributors to relative deprivation and is closely related to psychosocial
variables likely to impact on health. Many studies within populations find
socioeconomic or psychosocial factors strongly affect health, making income
distribution a good measure to use in beginning to look at what affects a
population's health. The book Unhealthy Societies is the best place
to begin further study.
Wilkinson RG. Unhealthy Societies: the afflictions of inequality.
London: Routledge, 1996.
Kawachi I, Kennedy BP, Wilkinson RG, eds. The Society and Population Health
Reader, Volume I: Income
Inequality and Health. New York: New Press, 1999.
3. Wilkinson R, Marmot M, eds. Social
Determinants of Health: The Solid Facts. Copenhagen: World Health Organization
Regional Office for Europe, 1998.
4. Marmot M, Wilkinson RG, eds. Social
Determinants of Health. Oxford: Oxford University Press,1999.
5. Kindig DA. Purchasing Population Health:
Paying for Results. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1997
Lynch J, Kaplan GA. Understanding how inequality in the distribution
of income affects health. Journal
of Health Psychology 1997; 2: 297-314
Wilkinson RG. Unfair Shares: the effects of widening income differentials on
the welfare of the young.
London: Barnardos, 1994
Wilkinson RG. The epidemiological transition: from material scarcity
to social disadvantage?In:
(Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences). 1994; 123 (4):61-77
Kawachi I, Levine S, Miller M, Lasch K, Amick III B. Income inequality
and life expectancy - theory,
research, and policy.
Society and Health Working Paper Series No. 94-2; Boston: Harvard School
of Public Health, 1994.
Blane D, Brunner E, Wilkinson R. (editors). Health and Social organization:
Towards a health policy
for the twenth-first century.
London: Routledge, 1996
Davey Smith G, Egg$ M. Commentary: understanding it all - health, meta-theories,
trends. British Medical Journal 1996; 313: 1584-5
Quick A, Wilkinson RG. Income and health. London: Socialist Health
Kaplan GA, Lynch JW. Editorial. Whither studies on the socioeconomic
foundations of population
American Journal of Public Health. 1997; 87: 1409-11.
Raphael, D. (2001).
Inequality is Bad for Our Hearts: Why Low Income
and Social Exclusion are Major Causes of Heart Disease in Canada.
Toronto: North York Heart Health Network.