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IS theories, models, and frameworks

Most implementation research is guided by a theory, model or framework. IS researchers have developed many theories, models, and frameworks that can underpin a study and serve as the basis for data analysis.


This review by Nilsen published in 2015 provides a helpful schema to organize the many IS theories, models, and frameworks


This paper by Tabak et al provides guidance on how to select a model [note, not open access]



Learn more about a few key IS theories and frameworks!


RE-AIM is a framework to guide the planning and evaluation of public health interventions according to five key domains: reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance. Developed by Glasgow, Vogt, and Boles in 1999, the framework has guided implementation science studies for over twenty years. The RE-AIM framework has been integrated with the PRISM (Practical, Robust, Implementation and Sustainability Model) to further guide the sustainable implementation of EBIs.


Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR)

The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research is a framework that presents a set of constructs associated with effective implementation. The CFIR is organized into five domains: intervention, outer setting, inner setting, individual characteristics, and process. The CFIR is a tool primed to aid researchers and practitioners in the assessment of barriers and facilitators in preparation for implementing an innovation or evaluating how the implementation went. The CFIR was developed by Damschroder and colleagues in 2009.