VIOLENCE ON TELEVISION
The following information is from "Merchandising Mayhem," part
of a three-part study by the Center for Media and Public Affairs.
- In broadcast
television series, a total of 3,381
acts of violence were identified within 284 series episodes(broadcast,
cable, and premium cable TV). Over half of these acts (1,754) could
be described as serious violence. Fully 80 per cent of the total violence
recorded in the study occurred on broadcast TV.
- CBS had
nearly five times as much violence in its programming (635 acts total)
as the much-criticized Fox network (only 137 acts total).
networks had noticeably less violence than did broadcast networks. The
most violent cable network, USA, had the same number of acts (112 acts)
as the least violent broadcast network, ABC (112 acts).
the most violent TV series were Walker, Texas Ranger (CBS) with 112
violent acts per episode, and HBO's Oz, with 76 violent acts per episode.
Also particularly violent was Buffy the Vampire Slayer (59 acts per
episode), which is featured on YTV and has a huge teen and preteen following.
most TV series, the violence depicted shows no consequences.
For example, no physical harm is depicted in 75% of series, no psychological
trauma in 90%, and no judgment about the morality of the act in 87%.
Positive and negative motives for violent actions were roughly equal
(45 and 55 per cent, respectively). "Good guys" were slightly
more likely than "bad guys" to be the instigators of violent
activities (46 per cent vs. 41 per cent).
- The total
number of violent acts in the movies studied totaled 2,319,
with about three-fifths of those qualifying as serious acts of violence.
Overall, movies averaged about 46 violent acts per film.
- The most
violent film studied, WWII drama "Saving Private Ryan," accounted
for 30 per cent of all the serious incidents noted in the study of movies.
Of the films 275 violent acts, almost all were serious (262). However,
it should be noted that the film's emphasis was on accurately depicting
the atrocities of war. It was, by far, the most investigative and artistic
film in the survey. By contrast, the next most violent film, at 147
acts, was The Mask of Zorro, based on a popular 1950's TV series, and
aimed at a 'family' audience.
- In 188
different music videos, 1785 separate
acts of violence were depicted, nearly one-third of them being serious
in nature. However, much of the violence observed was concentrated in
relatively few videos. The ten most violent music videos accounted for
half of all violence shown within the study sample. The Beastie Boys's
"Body Movin'" was the most violent video, with 21 acts of
VIOLENT CONTENT ON TELEVISION
the National Cable Television Association (NCTA) funded a $3.5 million,
three-year research study. The two universities studied the content of
randomly sampled cable and network TV programming 17 hours per day, seven
days each week for nine months (October through June) for three years.
Beginning in June 1994, drama, comedy, movies, music videos, children's
show, cartoons and reality programs (news magazines, documentaries, police
shows and talk shows) were analyzed. Note: excluded from the study were
news, sports and entertainment sports programs.
In 1996, the report concluded that:
- 57 percent of TV programs contained violence.
- Perpetrators of violent acts go unpunished 73 percent of the time.
- About 25 percent of violent acts involve handguns.
- 40 percent of all violence included humor.
- Forty-seven percent of violent situations present no harm to the victims and 58
percent depict no pain.
- Only 4
percent of violent programs show nonviolent alternatives to solve programs.
movie channels such as Time Warner's HBO and Viacom's Showtime had the
highest proportion (85 percent) of violent programming. The broadcast
networks had a much lower percentage of violence (44 percent).
- The typical preschooler who daily watches about two hours of cartoons
will be exposed to 10,000 violent incidents per year, of which 500 are
at high risk of modeling aggressive attitudes and behaviors.
Academy of Pediatrics, http://www.netreach.net/~kaufman/children.html
For a wealth of violence-related facts, see the
Trends Data Bank
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