How Food Helps Me Grow
CONCEPT: PKU Diet
Review the PKU food groups, the nutrients that each group provides, and what these nutrients do for the body.
After completing this activity, children will be able to:
- state that calories provide energy
- state that protein is needed for growth
- state that fruits and vegetables provide vitamins and other nutrients needed for health
Lead a discussion about nutrition with the children:
- What things help them grow? Write their suggestions on the board.
- What are the names of the PKU food groups? Write the food groups on the board as they name them--fruits, vegetables, grains (low protein cereals, breads, pastas), and formula/"milk". These foods help you to stay healthy. There is also a fifth group (at the very top of the pyramid) that includes miscellaneous treats/snacks/free foods. We should choose these less often.
- Does anyone know what is in these different food groups that help to keep you healthy?
Hand out a previously prepared food picture to each child. Ask each child to turn their picture over and read what is written on the back. Use this activity to explore these topics:
- fruits and vegetables provide vitamins and minerals
- formula provides protein which helps them grow
- all foods give them energy, but grains and cereals give them a lot of energy
Distribute the handout . Allow the children to work through it, then discuss the answers together.
- Dry-erase markers or chalk (for the board)
- Prepare pictures of fruits, vegetables, grains, cereals, and formula. On the back of each picture write what it provides for the body (fruits and vegetables = vitamins/minerals, grains and cereals = energy, formula = protein)
As your child eats various foods, discuss what nutrients that food contains.