Skip to content
Civil Rights and Labor History Consortium / University of Washington

Timeline and Map of Woman Suffrage Legislation State by State 1838-1919

by Katie Anastas

Voting rights by states 1869-1919. Blue means full rights. Green indicates partial suffrage. Orange means voting measure was rejected by legislature or electorate. Below are fully interactive timelines and maps.


The interactive maps below show the woman suffrage campaign year-by-year and state-by-state from 1838-1919 as suffrage activists introduced legislation that often failed and at other times yielded only partial voting rights. Ratified in 1920, the 19th Amendment to the US Constitution required all states to allow women to vote on the same basis as men, but the fight for voting rights had started more than a century earlier and had steadily piled up victories beginning in 1838 when the Kentucky legislature agreed that widows and unmarried women who owned property subject to taxation for school purposes would be allowed to vote in elections relating to schools.

Starting in 1869, legislation was introduced in one or more states nearly every year. The timeline and maps below record the defeats as well as victories, demonstrating the persistence and ingenuity of suffrage activists. They show too that many state legislatures were persuaded to allow partial voting rights, typically limited to school elections or the right to vote only in municipal or presidential elections. Here we track the outcome of 249 measures and the changing map of voting rights for women. The maps are hosted by Tableau Public and may take a few seconds to respond. If slow, refresh the page.

Move between four maps and timelines (best on laptop or larger screen)


Research and data compilation: Katie Anastas

Maps: James Gregory



Additional women's movement units

National Woman's Party:
a year-by-year History 1913-1922

This illustrated essay chronicles the actions and accomplishments of this remarkable social movement while displaying more than 50 photographs from the "Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party" (Library of Congress).

Mapping National Woman's Party offices and actions (Washington DC

From the beginning, the NWP focused tightly on Washington DC. It's first headquarters was some distance from the Capitol, but as soon as finances permitted, NWP moved closer, a mere block from the White House. These maps and timeline show the locations of picket lines, arrests, and meetings in the nation's capital.

Mapping NWP actions nationwide 1914-1922

Here are maps and charts showing the year-by year geography of the the movement. The NWP organized campaigns in many states while concentrating protest activities in Washington DC. Filter by state and by the type of events.