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Civil Rights and Labor History Consortium / University of Washington

Socialist Party Activity by Regions: Northeast, Midwest, West, South

by James Gregory and Rebecca Flores

These maps and charts show voter support for Socialist candidates, candidates elected, newspapers published and membership numbers for each region. Everything here is preliminary and will be changing as we add data and refine tools in the months ahead. Sources are explained below. Choose from several visualizations. The maps are hosted by Tableau Public and may take a few seconds to respond. If slow, refresh the page. Here are other Socialist Party maps.

Move between four maps and charts by selecting tabs below


Vote charts and maps are based on data from Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. United States Historical Election Returns, 1824-1968 [Computer File]. ICPSR00001-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1999-04-26.,

Membership charts are based on data from a number of sources. See Membership visualizations.

Research and data compilation: James Gregory, Becca Flores

Additional Socialist Party maps and charts

Click to see map and photos
Membership by state 1904-1940

This combination of interactive maps and charts track Socialist Party membership by state during the party's heyday from 1904 to 1919 and then from 1923 to 1940. Party membership reached a high of 113,000 in 1912. Advance the slide to see changing membership by year. Interactive controls allow you to compare particular states.


Votes for SP candidates for president, governor, and congress by county, 1904-1948

The SP secured over a million votes for congressional candidates in 1912 and large totals in other races as late as 1938. Here are seven maps and charts showing vote totals for Socialist Party candidates in each presidential, gubernatorial, and congressional election for each county and state.

Click to see map and photos
Newspapers 1900-1920

This interactive map identifies 380 newspapers linked to the Socialist Party, providing detail about editors, circulation, and about the towns and cities where they were published.

Click to see map and photos
Socialists elected to office 1901-1960

This interactive map shows 353 cities and towns that elected Socialist Party candidates to public office, including mayors, congressmen, legislators, and many other offices, more than 1,000 in all.


Socialist Activities by States and Regions

These maps and charts zero in on regions and subregions, displaying county by county electoral support for socialist candidates for the Northeast, Midwest, Northwest, Southwest, and subregions of the South. They make it possible to follow hotspots of party support from election to election.