Roger Buick

POSITION
Professor, Earth & Space Sciences

ASTROBIOLOGY RESEARCH AREAS
Origin & Evolution of Life on Earth

Professor Buick IS ACCEPTING NEW STUDENTS!

BOX NUMBER
351510

OFFICE
JHN 335

EMAIL
buick@ess.washington.edu

WEBPAGE
https://www.ess.washington.edu/people/profile.php?pid=buick--roger

CV
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I am interested in the origin and earliest evolution of life on Earth and how that can be used as an analogue for life elsewhere in the Universe. My research techniques lie at the intersection of geology, biology and chemistry, examining the oldest and best-preserved rocks available. This involves fieldwork in the Australian outback, on the Greenland ice-cap, the South African veld and in the Canadian woods, amongst other places.

Examples of current projects include:

Early evolution of bacterial metabolism — palaeontology and stable isotope geochemistry of Archaean sedimentary rocks, with the aim of determining when the main forms of microbial metabolism first arose and whether this caused environmental change in the atmosphere and oceans.

Early atmospheric composition and pressure — studying detrital heavy minerals in Archaean fluvial sandstones, raindrop imprints in ancient terrestrial sediments, and vesicle size in ancient basalt flows emplaced at sea-level, with the aim of determining whether the atmospheric greenhouse effect was modulated by carbon dioxide or some other gas in order to counteract the weaker solar luminosity during Earth’s early history.

Secular trends in marine nutrient fluxes and their ecological impact — phosphorus and nitrogen geochemistry in sedimentary rocks through time, with the aim of better quantifying oceanic fluxes and budgets for these elements, identifying temporal trends in their sources and sinks, and determining whether these reflect or influenced ecosystem evolution.

Early evolution of continental crust — trace-element and radiogenic-isotope geochemistry of basalts ~3.5 billion years old across an ancient unconformity in the Pilbara Craton, Australia, with the aim of contraining the primordial growth rate of continental crust, the tectonic environments of the early Earth and the biological impacts of crustal differentiation.

Molecular fossils from early Precambrian rocks — organic geochemistry of well-preserved Archaean and Palaeoproterozoic hydrocarbons and kerogen, with the aim of discovering organic geochemical biomarkers that constrain the phylogenetic history of microbial ecosystems.

Current Students:
Michael Kipp
Jana Meixnerova
 

Past Students:
Jelte Jarnmeijer
Sanjoy Som
Eva Stueeken
Matthew Koehler
Erik Goosmann

Selected Publications

Koehler, M. C., Buick, R., Kipp, M. A., Stüeken, E. E., & Zaloumis, J. (2018). Transient surface ocean oxygenation recorded in the ∼2.66-Ga Jeerinah Formation, Australia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 7711–7716. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1720820115

Kipp, M. A., Stüeken, E. E., Yun, M., Bekker, A., & Buick, R. (2018). Pervasive aerobic nitrogen cycling in the surface ocean across the Paleoproterozoic Era. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 117–126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2018.08.007

Kipp, M. A., Stüeken, E. E., Bekker, A., & Buick, R. (2017). Selenium isotopes record extensive marine suboxia during the Great Oxidation Event. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 875–880. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1615867114

Stüeken, E. E., Kipp, M. A., Koehler, M. C., Schwieterman, E. W., Johnson, B., & Buick, R. (2016). Modeling pN2 through Geological Time: Implications for Planetary Climates and Atmospheric Biosignatures. Astrobiology, 949–963. https://doi.org/10.1089/ast.2016.1537

Som, S. M., Buick, R., Hagadorn, J. W., Blake, T. S., Perreault, J. M., Harnmeijer, J. P., & Catling, D. C. (2016). Earth’s air pressure 2.7 billion years ago constrained to less than half of modern levels. Nature Geoscience, 448–451. https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2713

Zahnle, K., & Buick, R. (2016). Ancient air caught by shooting stars. Nature, 184–186. https://doi.org/10.1038/533184a

Stüeken, E. E., Buick, R., Guy, B. M., & Koehler, M. C. (2015). Isotopic evidence for biological nitrogen fixation by molybdenum-nitrogenase from 3.2 Gyr. Nature, 666–669. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature14180

Bradley, K., Weiss, B. P., & Buick, R. (2015). Records of geomagnetism, climate, and tectonics across a Paleoarchean erosion surface. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2015.03.008

Krissansen-Totton, J., Buick, R., & Catling, D. C. (2015). A statistical analysis of the carbon isotope record from the Archean to Phanerozoic and implications for the rise of oxygen. American Journal of Science, 275–316. https://doi.org/10.2475/04.2015.01

Stüeken, E. E., Buick, R., & Anbar, A. D. (2015). Selenium isotopes support free O2 in the latest Archean. Geology, 259–262. https://doi.org/10.1130/g36218.1

Stüeken, E. E., Buick, R., Bekker, A., Catling, D., Foriel, J., Guy, B. M., … Poulton, S. W. (2015). The evolution of the global selenium cycle: Secular trends in Se isotopes and abundances. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 109–125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2015.04.033

Stüeken, E. E., Buick, R., & Schauer, A. J. (2015). Nitrogen isotope evidence for alkaline lakes on late Archean continents. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2014.11.037

French, K. L., Hallmann, C., Hope, J. M., Schoon, P. L., Zumberge, J. A., Hoshino, Y., … Summons, R. E. (2015). Reappraisal of hydrocarbon biomarkers in Archean rocks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 5915–5920. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1419563112

Claire, M. W., Kasting, J. F., Domagal-Goldman, S. D., Stüeken, E. E., Buick, R., & Meadows, V. S. (2014). Modeling the signature of sulfur mass-independent fractionation produced in the Archean atmosphere. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 365–380. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2014.06.032

Som, S. M., Catling, D. C., Harnmeijer, J. P., Polivka, P. M., & Buick, R. (2012). Air density 2.7 billion years ago limited to less than twice modern levels by fossil raindrop imprints. Nature, 359–362. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature10890

Stüeken, E. E., Catling, D. C., & Buick, R. (2012). Contributions to late Archaean sulphur cycling by life on land. Nature Geoscience, 722–725. https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1585

Summons, R. E., Amend, J. P., Bish, D., Buick, R., Cody, G. D., Des Marais, D. J., … Sumner, D. Y. (2011). Preservation of Martian Organic and Environmental Records: Final Report of the Mars Biosignature Working Group. Astrobiology, 157–181. https://doi.org/10.1089/ast.2010.0506

Garvin, J., Buick, R., Anbar, A. D., Arnold, G. L., & Kaufman, A. J. (2009). Isotopic Evidence for an Aerobic Nitrogen Cycle in the Latest Archean. Science, 1045–1048. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1165675

Anbar, A. D., Duan, Y., Lyons, T. W., Arnold, G. L., Kendall, B., Creaser, R. A., … Buick, R. (2007). A Whiff of Oxygen Before the Great Oxidation Event? Science, 1903–1906. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1140325

Kaufman, A. J., Johnston, D. T., Farquhar, J., Masterson, A. L., Lyons, T. W., Bates, S., … Buick, R. (2007). Late Archean Biospheric Oxygenation and Atmospheric Evolution. Science, 1900–1903. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1138700

Shen, Y., Buick, R., & Canfield, D. E. (2001). Isotopic evidence for microbial sulphate reduction in the early Archaean era. Nature, 77–81. https://doi.org/10.1038/35065071

Brocks, J. J. (1999). Archean Molecular Fossils and the Early Rise of Eukaryotes. Science, 1033–1036. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.285.5430.1033

Dutkiewicz, A., Rasmussen, B., & Buick, R. (1998). Oil preserved in fluid inclusions in Archaean sandstones. Nature, 885–888. https://doi.org/10.1038/27644