Insurance discrimination is a concern raised by some people considering presymptomatic testing for HD. Below we highlight an important law that protects against certain types of insurance discrimination. In addition, we provide information about obtaining life, disability, and/or long-term care insurance PRIOR to pursuing presymptomatic genetic testing.
Genetic Information Non-Discrimination Act (GINA)
The Genetic Information Non-discrimination Act (GINA) of 2008 provides some security against employment and medical insurance discrimination. GINA protects against discrimination in those who have had positive genetic testing but are not yet showing symptoms of HD. GINA doesn’t apply to the military and Indian reservations.
Resources to learn more about GINA:
- National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) – Genetic Discrimination Fact Sheet
- Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) – Genetic Discrimination Fact Sheet
Life, Disability and Long Term Care Insurance
GINA does not cover life, disability, or long term care insurance which are often of some concern to people in families with HD. Patients are encouraged to be comfortable with their life, disability, and/or long term care insurance PRIOR to pursuing presymptomatic genetic testing. To learn more about different types of insurance visit Life Happens a national nonprofit supported by the insurance industry to educate the public about insurance.